Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 107-129, 2005
© Author(s) 2005. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
21 Jan 2005
An evaluation of the performance of chemistry transport models - Part 2: Detailed comparison with two selected campaigns
D. Brunner1, J. Staehelin1, H. L. Rogers2, M. O. Köhler2, J. A. Pyle2, D. A. Hauglustaine3, L. Jourdain4, T. K. Berntsen5, M. Gauss5, I. S. A. Isaksen5, E. Meijer6, P. van Velthoven6, G. Pitari7, E. Mancini7, V. Grewe8, and R. Sausen8 1Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH, Zürich, Switzerland
2Centre for Atmospheric Science, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
3Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
4Service d’?eronomie, Paris, France
5Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
6Section of Atmospheric Composition, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, The Netherlands
7Dipartimento di Fisica, Università L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
8Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, DLR, Wessling, Germany
Abstract. This is the second part of a rigorous model evaluation study involving five global Chemistry-Transport and two Chemistry-Climate Models operated by different groups in Europe. Simulated trace gas fields were interpolated to the exact times and positions of the observations to account for the actual weather conditions and hence for the specific histories of the sampled air masses. In this part of the study we focus on a detailed comparison with two selected campaigns, PEM-Tropics A and SONEX, contrasting the clean environment of the tropical Pacific with the more polluted North Atlantic region. The study highlights the different strengths and weaknesses of the models in accurately simulating key processes in the UT/LS region including stratosphere-troposphere-exchange, rapid convective transport, lightning emissions, radical chemistry and ozone production. Model simulated Radon, which was used as an idealized tracer for continental influence, was occasionally much better correlated with measured CO than simulated CO pointing towards deficiencies in the used biomass burning emission fields. The abundance and variability of HOx radicals is in general well represented in the models as inferred directly from the comparison with measured OH and HO2 and indirectly from the comparison with hydrogen peroxide concentrations. Components of the NOy family such as PAN, HNO3 and NO were found to compare less favorably. Interestingly, models showing good agreement with observations in the case of PEM-Tropics A often failed in the case of SONEX and vice versa. A better description of NOx and NOy emissions, chemistry and sinks is thought to be key to future model improvements with respect to the representation of chemistry in the UT/LS region.

Citation: Brunner, D., Staehelin, J., Rogers, H. L., Köhler, M. O., Pyle, J. A., Hauglustaine, D. A., Jourdain, L., Berntsen, T. K., Gauss, M., Isaksen, I. S. A., Meijer, E., van Velthoven, P., Pitari, G., Mancini, E., Grewe, V., and Sausen, R.: An evaluation of the performance of chemistry transport models - Part 2: Detailed comparison with two selected campaigns, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 107-129,, 2005.
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