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ACP | Articles | Volume 19, issue 4
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 2441–2460, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-2441-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 2441–2460, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-2441-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 26 Feb 2019

Research article | 26 Feb 2019

Simulations of black carbon (BC) aerosol impact over Hindu Kush Himalayan sites: validation, sources, and implications on glacier runoff

Sauvik Santra et al.
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Babu, S. S., Chaubey, J. P., Krishna Moorthy, K., Gogoi, M. M., Kompalli, S. K., Sreekanth, V., Bagare, S., Bhatt, B. C., Gaur, V. K., Prabhu, T. P., and Singh, N. S.: High altitude (∼4520 m a.m.s.l.) measurements of black carbon aerosols over western trans-Himalayas: Seasonal heterogeneity and source apportionment, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016722, 2011. a
Bonasoni, P., Cristofanelli, P., Marinoni, A., Pradhan, B., Fuzzi, S., Gobbi, G., Vuillermoz, E., and Laj, P.: High concentration of black carbon observed in the high Himalayas, UNEP Black Carbon E-bulletin, 2, 15273, 2010a. a
Bonasoni, P., Laj, P., Marinoni, A., Sprenger, M., Angelini, F., Arduini, J., Bonafè, U., Calzolari, F., Colombo, T., Decesari, S., Di Biagio, C., di Sarra, A. G., Evangelisti, F., Duchi, R., Facchini, MC., Fuzzi, S., Gobbi, G. P., Maione, M., Panday, A., Roccato, F., Sellegri, K., Venzac, H., Verza, GP., Villani, P., Vuillermoz, E., and Cristofanelli, P.: Atmospheric Brown Clouds in the Himalayas: first two years of continuous observations at the Nepal Climate Observatory-Pyramid (5079 m), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7515–7531, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-7515-2010, 2010b. a, b
Bonasoni, P., Cristofanelli, P., Marinoni, A., Vuillermoz, E., and Adhikary, B.: Atmospheric pollution in the Hindukush-Himalaya region: Evidence and implications for the regional climate, Mt. Res. Dev., 32, 468–479, 2012. a
Bond, T. C., Streets, D. G., Fernandes, S. D., Nelson, S. M., Yarber, K. F., Woo, J.-H., and Klimoni, Z.: A technology-based global inventory of black and organic carbon emissions from combustion, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D14203, https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JD003697, 2004. a, b
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The present study provided information on specific glaciers over the Hindu Kush Himalayan region identified as being vulnerable to BC-induced impacts (affected by high BC-induced snow albedo reduction in addition to being sensitive to BC-induced impacts), thus impacting the downstream hydrology. The source-specific contribution to atmospheric BC aerosols by emission sources led to identifying the potential emission source, which was distinctive over south and north to 30°  N.
The present study provided information on specific glaciers over the Hindu Kush Himalayan region...
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