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ACP | Articles | Volume 19, issue 3
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 1703-1719, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-1703-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 1703-1719, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-1703-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 08 Feb 2019

Research article | 08 Feb 2019

Evidence for a major missing source in the global chloromethane budget from stable carbon isotopes

Enno Bahlmann et al.
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Revised manuscript accepted for AMT
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Cited articles  
Anderson, R. S., Huang, L., Iannone, R., Thompson, A. E., and Rudolph, J.: Carbon Kinetic Isotope Effects in the Gas Phase Reactions of Light Alkanes and Ethene with the OH Radical at 296±4 K, J. Phys. Chem. A, 108, 11537–11544, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0472008, 2004. 
Anderson, R. S., Huang, L., Iannone, R., and Rudolph, J.: Measurements of the 12C∕13C Kinetic Isotope Effects in the Gas-Phase Reactions of Light Alkanes with Chlorine Atoms, J. Phys. Chem. A, 111, 495–504, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp064634p, 2007. 
Asner, G. P., Powell, G. V. N., Mascaro, J., Knapp, D. E., Clark, J. K., Jacobson, J., Kennedy-Bowdoin, T., Balaji, A., Paez-Acosta, G., Victoria, E., Secada, L., Valqui, M., and Hughes, R. F.: High-resolution forest carbon stocks and emissions in the Amazon, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107, 16738–16742, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1004875107, 2010. 
Baccini, A., Goetz, S. J., Walker, W. S., Laporte, N. T., Sun, M., Sulla-Menashe, D., Hackler, J., Beck, P. S. A., Dubayah, R., Friedl, M. A., Samanta, S., and Houghton, R. A.: Estimated carbon dioxide emissions from tropical deforestation improved by carbon-density maps, Nat. Clim. Change, 2, 182–185, https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1354, 2012. 
Bahlmann, E., Weinberg, I., Seifert, R., Tubbesing, C., and Michaelis, W.: A high volume sampling system for isotope determination of volatile halocarbons and hydrocarbons, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 2073–2086, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-4-2073-2011, 2011. 
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Chloromethane is the most important natural carrier of chlorine to the stratosphere. From a newly determined carbon isotope effect of −11.2 ‰ for the tropospheric loss of CH3Cl we derive a tropical rainforest CH3Cl source of 670 ± 200 Gg a−1, 60 % smaller than previous estimates. A revision of previous bottom-up estimates using above-ground biomass instead of rainforest area strongly supports this lower estimate. Our results suggest a large unknown tropical value of 1530 ± 200 Gg a−1.
Chloromethane is the most important natural carrier of chlorine to the stratosphere. From a...
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