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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 18, issue 10 | Copyright
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 7607-7624, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-7607-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 01 Jun 2018

Research article | 01 Jun 2018

Evolution of the chemical fingerprint of biomass burning organic aerosol during aging

Amelie Bertrand1,2,a, Giulia Stefenelli3, Coty N. Jen4, Simone M. Pieber3, Emily A. Bruns3, Haiyan Ni5, Brice Temime-Roussel1, Jay G. Slowik3, Allen H. Goldstein4, Imad El Haddad3, Urs Baltensperger3, André S. H. Prévôt3, Henri Wortham1, and Nicolas Marchand1 Amelie Bertrand et al.
  • 1Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, LCE, Marseille, France
  • 2Agence de l'environnement et de la Maîtrise de l'Energie, 20 avenue du Grésillé – BP 90406, 49004 Angers, CEDEX 01, France
  • 3Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland
  • 4Department of Environmental Sciences, Policy, and Management, University of California at Berkeley, California, USA
  • 5Key Lab of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics, State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, China
  • anow at: Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland

Abstract. A thermal desorption aerosol gas chromatograph coupled to a high resolution – time of flight – aerosol mass spectrometer (TAG-AMS) was connected to an atmospheric chamber for the molecular characterization of the evolution of organic aerosol (OA) emitted by woodstove appliances for residential heating. Two log woodstoves (old and modern) and one pellet stove were operated under typical conditions. Emissions were aged during a time equivalent to 5h of atmospheric aging. The five to seven samples were collected and analyzed with the TAG-AMS during each experiment. We detected and quantified over 70 compounds, including levoglucosan and nitrocatechols. We calculate the emission factor (EF) of these tracers in the primary emissions and highlight the influence of the combustion efficiency on these emissions. Smoldering combustion contributes to a higher EF and a more complex composition. We also demonstrate the effect of atmospheric aging on the chemical fingerprint. The tracers are sorted into three categories according to the evolution of their concentration: primary compounds, non-conventional primary compounds, and secondary compounds. For each, we provide a quantitative overview of their contribution to the OA mass at different times of the photo-oxidative process.

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A thermal desorption aerosol gas chromatograph coupled to an aerosol mass spectrometer (TAG–AMS) is connected to an atmospheric chamber. The setup serves the quantitative study of the impact of combustion conditions and atmospheric aging on the chemical fingerprint at the molecular level of biomass burning organic aerosol.
A thermal desorption aerosol gas chromatograph coupled to an aerosol mass spectrometer...
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