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Volume 17, issue 1 | Copyright

Special issue: The SPARC Reanalysis Intercomparison Project (S-RIP) (ACP/ESSD...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 485-499, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-485-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 11 Jan 2017

Research article | 11 Jan 2017

Revisiting the observed surface climate response to large volcanic eruptions

Fabian Wunderlich and Daniel M. Mitchell
Data sets

HadSLP2 Met Office Hadley Centre http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadslp2/data/download.html

HadCRUT4 Met Office Hadley Centre http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadcrut4/data/current/download.html

ERA-Interim European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/

ERA-40 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/

ERA-20C European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/

Japanese 25-year Reanalysis Project Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds625.0/#!access

Japanese 55-year Reanalysis Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds628.0/#!access

Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) https://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/mdisc

NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis 1 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.ncep.reanalysis.html

NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds093.1/#!access

NCEP-DOE AMIP-II Reanalysis (R-2) NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.ncep.reanalysis2.html

NOAA-CIRES 20th Century Reanalysis version 2c NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/20thC_Rean/

Community Climate System Model Version 4 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/

Community Atmospheric Model version 5 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/

CSIRO Mk3.6.0 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/

GFDL Global Coupled Model CM3 Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/

GISS-E2 NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/

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Short summary
Large volcanic eruptions can eject aerosols into the stratosphere and prevent UV radiation reaching the surface, resulting in surface cooling. A secondary, non-linear effect occurs at high latitudes. While the surface cooling is robust in observations, we show that the non-linear, high-latitude effect is less robust. Climate models have failures at reproducing both aspects, probably because of aliasing with other climate modes and overrepresentation of stratospheric aerosol.
Large volcanic eruptions can eject aerosols into the stratosphere and prevent UV radiation...
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