Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 485-499, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-485-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
11 Jan 2017
Revisiting the observed surface climate response to large volcanic eruptions
Fabian Wunderlich and Daniel M. Mitchell

Data sets

HadSLP2
Met Office Hadley Centre
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadslp2/data/download.html
HadCRUT4
Met Office Hadley Centre
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadcrut4/data/current/download.html
ERA-Interim
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/
ERA-40
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/
ERA-20C
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/
Japanese 25-year Reanalysis Project
Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)
http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds625.0/#!access
Japanese 55-year Reanalysis
Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)
http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds628.0/#!access
Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
https://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/mdisc
NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis 1
NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)
https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.ncep.reanalysis.html
NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis
NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)
http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds093.1/#!access
NCEP-DOE AMIP-II Reanalysis (R-2)
NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)
https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.ncep.reanalysis2.html
NOAA-CIRES 20th Century Reanalysis version 2c
NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)
https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/20thC_Rean/
Community Climate System Model Version 4
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/
Community Atmospheric Model version 5
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/
CSIRO Mk3.6.0
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/
GFDL Global Coupled Model CM3
Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory
https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/
GISS-E2
NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/search/cmip5/
Publications Copernicus
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Short summary
Large volcanic eruptions can eject aerosols into the stratosphere and prevent UV radiation reaching the surface, resulting in surface cooling. A secondary, non-linear effect occurs at high latitudes. While the surface cooling is robust in observations, we show that the non-linear, high-latitude effect is less robust. Climate models have failures at reproducing both aspects, probably because of aliasing with other climate modes and overrepresentation of stratospheric aerosol.
Large volcanic eruptions can eject aerosols into the stratosphere and prevent UV radiation...
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