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Volume 17, issue 5
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 3453–3474, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-3453-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 3453–3474, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-3453-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 10 Mar 2017

Research article | 10 Mar 2017

Formation of highly oxygenated low-volatility products from cresol oxidation

Rebecca H. Schwantes et al.
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Cited articles  
Atkinson, R., Carter, W. P. L., Darnall, K. R., Winer, A. M., and Pitts Jr., J. N.: A smog chamber and modeling study of the gas phase NOx-air photooxidation of toluene and the cresols, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 12, 779–836, 1980.
Atkinson, R., Aschmann, S. M., and Arey, J.: Reactions of OH and NO3 radicals with phenol, cresols, and 2-nitrophenol at 296 ± 2 K, Environ. Sci. Technol., 26, 1397–1403, 1992.
Bardini, P.: Atmospheric chemistry of dimethylphenols and nitrophenols, PhD Thesis, University College Cork, Cork, 2006.
Barley, M. H. and McFiggans, G.: The critical assessment of vapour pressure estimation methods for use in modelling the formation of atmospheric organic aerosol, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 749–767, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-749-2010, 2010.
Bejan, I., Abd El Aal, Y., Barnes, I., Benter, T., Bohn, B., Wiesen, P., and Kleffmann, J.: The photolysis of ortho-nitrophenols: A new gas phase source of HONO, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 8, 2028–2035, 2006.
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Short summary
Toluene, one of the principle aromatic compounds present in the atmosphere, is oxidized by OH to produce cresol and other products. Here later-generation low-volatility oxygenated products from cresol oxidation by OH are detected in the gas and particle phases. This work identifies a simple and significant mechanism for toluene secondary organic aerosol formation through the cresol pathway. Likely the phenolic pathway of other aromatic compounds is also important for secondary organic aerosol.
Toluene, one of the principle aromatic compounds present in the atmosphere, is oxidized by OH to...
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