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Volume 17, issue 18
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 10937–10953, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-10937-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 10937–10953, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-10937-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 15 Sep 2017

Research article | 15 Sep 2017

Particulate sulfur in the upper troposphere and lowermost stratosphere – sources and climate forcing

Bengt G. Martinsson et al.
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We find that the aerosol of the lowermost stratosphere has a considerable climate forcing. The upper tropospheric (UT) particulate sulfur is strongly influenced by stratospheric sources the first half of the year, whereas tropospheric sources dominate in fall; 50 % of the UT particulate sulfur (S) was found to be stratospheric at background condition, and 70 % under moderate influence from volcanism. The Asian monsoon is found to be an important tropospheric source of S in the NH extratropical UT.
We find that the aerosol of the lowermost stratosphere has a considerable climate forcing. The...
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