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Volume 16, issue 14
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 9067-9087, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-9067-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: BACCHUS – Impact of Biogenic versus Anthropogenic emissions...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 9067-9087, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-9067-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 25 Jul 2016

Research article | 25 Jul 2016

Ice nucleating particles in the Saharan Air Layer

Yvonne Boose et al.
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Cited articles  
Adam, F., Rodríguez, S., Cuevas E., Alastuey, A., and Querol, X.: Detection of the Saharan dust air layer in the North Atlantic free troposphere with AERONET, OMI and in-situ data at Izaña Atmospheric Observatory, in: Symposium on Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics at mountain sites, 8–10 June 2010, Interlaken, Switzerland, 2010.
Ansmann, A., Mattis, I., Müller, D., Wandinger, U., Radlach, M., Althausen, D., and Damoah, R.: Ice formation in Saharan dust over central Europe observed with temperature/humidity/aerosol Raman lidar, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 110, D18S12, https://doi.org/10.1029/2004JD005000, 2005.
Atkinson, J., Murray, B. J., Woodhouse, M. T., Whale, T. F., Baustian, K. J., Carslaw, K. S., Dobbie, S., O'Sullivan, D., and Malkin, T. L.: The importance of feldspar for ice nucleation by mineral dust in mixed-phase clouds, Nature, 498, 355–358, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12278, 2013.
Berezinski, N., Stepanov, G., and Khorguani, V.: Atmospheric Aerosols and Nucleation, chap. Ice-forming activity of atmospheric aerosol particles of different sizes, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 1988.
Bigg, E. K. and Miles, G. T.: Stratospheric ice nucleus measurements from balloons, Tellus, 15, 162–166, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2153-3490.1963.tb01375.x, 1963.
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Mineral dust is known to be among the most prevalent ice-nucleating particles (INPs) in the atmosphere, playing a crucial role for ice cloud formation. We present 2 months of ground-based in situ measurements of INP concentrations in the free troposphere close to the largest global dust source, the Sahara. We find that some atmospheric processes such as mixing with biological particles and ammonium increase the dust INP ability. This is important when predicting INPs based on emissions.
Mineral dust is known to be among the most prevalent ice-nucleating particles (INPs) in the...
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