Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 5721-5743, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-5721-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
10 May 2016
Ozone variability in the troposphere and the stratosphere from the first 6 years of IASI observations (2008–2013)
Catherine Wespes1, Daniel Hurtmans1, Louisa K. Emmons2, Sarah Safieddine3,a, Cathy Clerbaux1,3, David P. Edwards2, and Pierre-François Coheur1 1Spectroscopie de l'Atmosphère, Service de Chimie Quantique et Photophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles (U.L.B.), Brussels, Belgium
2National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
3Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, Université Versailles St-Quentin, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSL, Paris, France
anow at: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Abstract. In this paper, we assess how daily ozone (O3) measurements from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) on the MetOp-A platform can contribute to the analyses of the processes driving O3 variability in the troposphere and the stratosphere and, in the future, to the monitoring of long-term trends. The temporal evolution of O3 during the first 6 years of IASI (2008–2013) operation is investigated with multivariate regressions separately in four different layers (ground–300, 300–150, 150–25, 25–3 hPa), by adjusting to the daily time series averaged in 20° zonal bands, seasonal and linear trend terms along with important geophysical drivers of O3 variation (e.g. solar flux, quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO)). The regression model is shown to perform generally very well with a strong dominance of the annual harmonic terms and significant contributions from O3 drivers, in particular in the equatorial region where the QBO and the solar flux contribution dominate. More particularly, despite the short period of the IASI data set available up to now, two noticeable statistically significant apparent trends are inferred from the daily IASI measurements: a positive trend in the upper stratosphere (e.g. 1.74 ± 0.77 DU year−1 between 30 and 50° S), which is consistent with other studies suggesting a turnaround for stratospheric O3 recovery, and a negative trend in the troposphere at the mid-latitudes and high northern latitudes (e.g. −0.26 ± 0.11 DU year−1 between 30 and 50° N), especially during summer and probably linked to the impact of decreasing ozone precursor emissions. The impact of the high temporal sampling of IASI on the uncertainty in the determination of O3 trend has been further explored by performing multivariate regressions on IASI monthly averages and on ground-based Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) measurements.

Citation: Wespes, C., Hurtmans, D., Emmons, L. K., Safieddine, S., Clerbaux, C., Edwards, D. P., and Coheur, P.-F.: Ozone variability in the troposphere and the stratosphere from the first 6 years of IASI observations (2008–2013), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 5721-5743, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-5721-2016, 2016.
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In this paper, we assess how daily ozone measurements from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI/MetOp) can contribute to the analyses of the processes driving O3 variability in the troposphere and the stratosphere with a set of parameterized geophysical variables, and we demonstrate the added value of IASI exceptional frequency sampling for monitoring medium- to long-term changes in global ozone concentrations in the future.
In this paper, we assess how daily ozone measurements from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding...
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