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Volume 16, issue 22
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14421–14461, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14421-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX)

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14421–14461, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14421-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Review article 22 Nov 2016

Review article | 22 Nov 2016

Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX): towards a holistic understanding of the feedbacks and interactions in the land–atmosphere–ocean–society continuum in the northern Eurasian region

Hanna K. Lappalainen1,2,36, Veli-Matti Kerminen1, Tuukka Petäjä1,36, Theo Kurten3, Aleksander Baklanov4,5, Anatoly Shvidenko6, Jaana Bäck7, Timo Vihma2, Pavel Alekseychik1, Meinrat O. Andreae8, Stephen R. Arnold9, Mikhail Arshinov10, Eija Asmi2, Boris Belan10, Leonid Bobylev11, Sergey Chalov12, Yafang Cheng8, Natalia Chubarova12, Gerrit de Leeuw1,2, Aijun Ding13, Sergey Dobrolyubov12, Sergei Dubtsov14, Egor Dyukarev15, Nikolai Elansky16, Kostas Eleftheriadis17, Igor Esau18, Nikolay Filatov19, Mikhail Flint20, Congbin Fu13, Olga Glezer21, Aleksander Gliko22, Martin Heimann23, Albert A. M. Holtslag24, Urmas Hõrrak25, Juha Janhunen26, Sirkku Juhola27, Leena Järvi1, Heikki Järvinen1, Anna Kanukhina28, Pavel Konstantinov12, Vladimir Kotlyakov29, Antti-Jussi Kieloaho1, Alexander S. Komarov30, Joni Kujansuu1, Ilmo Kukkonen31, Ella-Maria Duplissy1, Ari Laaksonen2, Tuomas Laurila2, Heikki Lihavainen2, Alexander Lisitzin20, Alexsander Mahura5, Alexander Makshtas32, Evgeny Mareev33, Stephany Mazon1, Dmitry Matishov34,†, Vladimir Melnikov35,36, Eugene Mikhailov37, Dmitri Moisseev1, Robert Nigmatulin20, Steffen M. Noe38, Anne Ojala7, Mari Pihlatie1, Olga Popovicheva39, Jukka Pumpanen40, Tatjana Regerand19, Irina Repina16, Aleksei Shcherbinin27, Vladimir Shevchenko20, Mikko Sipilä1, Andrey Skorokhod16, Dominick V. Spracklen9, Hang Su8, Dmitry A. Subetto19, Junying Sun41, Arkady Y. Terzhevik19, Yuri Timofeyev37, Yuliya Troitskaya33, Veli-Pekka Tynkkynen42, Viacheslav I. Kharuk43, Nina Zaytseva22, Jiahua Zhang44, Yrjö Viisanen2, Timo Vesala1, Pertti Hari7, Hans Christen Hansson45, Gennady G. Matvienko10, Nikolai S. Kasimov12, Huadong Guo44, Valery Bondur46, Sergej Zilitinkevich1,2,12,33, and Markku Kulmala1,36 Hanna K. Lappalainen et al.
  • 1Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • 2Research and Development, Finnish Meteorological Institute, 00101 Helsinki, Finland
  • 3Department of Chemistry, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • 4World Meteorological Organization, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
  • 5Research and Development Department, Danish Meteorological Institute, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 6Ecosystem Services and Management, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
  • 7Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • 8Biogeochemistry and Multiphase Chemistry Departments, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, 55020 Mainz, Germany
  • 9Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
  • 10Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk 634021, Russia
  • 11Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 12Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119899, Russia
  • 13Institute for Climate and Global Change Research & School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, 210023 Nanjing, China
  • 14Institute of Chemical Kinetics & Combustion, Russian Academy of Sciences, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
  • 15Institute of Monitoring of Climatic & Ecological Systems SB RAS, 634055 Tomsk, Russia
  • 16A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
  • 17National Centre of Scientific Research “DEMOKRITOS”, Athens, Greece
  • 18Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center/Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, 5006 Bergen, Norway
  • 19Northern Water Problems Institute, Karelian Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences,185003 Petrozavodsk, Russia
  • 20P. P. Shirshov, Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia
  • 21Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
  • 22Department of Earth Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia
  • 23Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, 07745 Jena, Germany
  • 24Meteorology and Air Quality, Wageningen University, 6708 Wageningen, the Netherlands
  • 25Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, 18 Ülikooli St., 50090 Tartu, Estonia
  • 26Department of World Cultures, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • 27Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • 28Academic Mobility Department, Russian State Hydrometeorological University, 195196 Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • 29Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
  • 30Institute of Physico-chemical & Biological Problems in Soil Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142290 Institutskaya, Russia
  • 31Geophysics and Astronomy, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • 32Actic & Antarctic Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 199397 St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 33Department of Radiophysics, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
  • 34Southern Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov on Don, Russia
  • 35Tyumen Scientific Center, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Science, Tyumen, Russia
  • 36Department of Cryosphere, Tyumen State University, 625003 Tyumen, Russia
  • 37Department of Atmospheric Physics, Saint Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya nab., 199034 St. Petersburg Russia
  • 38Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
  • 39Department Microelectronics, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
  • 40Department of Environmental Science, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
  • 41Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China
  • 42Aleksanteri Institute, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • 43Sukachev Forest Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia
  • 44Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100094 Beijing, China
  • 45Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 46AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring, 105064 Moscow, Russia
  • deceased, 20 August 2015

Abstract. The northern Eurasian regions and Arctic Ocean will very likely undergo substantial changes during the next decades. The Arctic–boreal natural environments play a crucial role in the global climate via albedo change, carbon sources and sinks as well as atmospheric aerosol production from biogenic volatile organic compounds. Furthermore, it is expected that global trade activities, demographic movement, and use of natural resources will be increasing in the Arctic regions. There is a need for a novel research approach, which not only identifies and tackles the relevant multi-disciplinary research questions, but also is able to make a holistic system analysis of the expected feedbacks. In this paper, we introduce the research agenda of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX), a multi-scale, multi-disciplinary and international program started in 2012 (https://www.atm.helsinki.fi/peex/). PEEX sets a research approach by which large-scale research topics are investigated from a system perspective and which aims to fill the key gaps in our understanding of the feedbacks and interactions between the land–atmosphere–aquatic–society continuum in the northern Eurasian region. We introduce here the state of the art for the key topics in the PEEX research agenda and present the future prospects of the research, which we see relevant in this context.

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After kick off in 2012, the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) program has expanded fast and today the multi-disciplinary research community covers ca. 80 institutes and a network of ca. 500 scientists from Europe, Russia, and China. Here we introduce scientific topics relevant in this context. This is one of the first multi-disciplinary overviews crossing scientific boundaries, from atmospheric sciences to socio-economics and social sciences.
After kick off in 2012, the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) program has expanded fast and today...
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