Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2473-2486, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-2473-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
05 Mar 2015
Aerosol properties over the western Mediterranean basin: temporal and spatial variability
H. Lyamani1,2, A. Valenzuela1,2, D. Perez-Ramirez3,4, C. Toledano5, M. J. Granados-Muñoz1,2, F. J. Olmo1,2, and L. Alados-Arboledas1,2 1Andalusian Institute for Earth System Research (IISTA-CEAMA), 18006, Granada, Spain
2Department of Applied Physic, University of Granada, 18071, Granada, Spain
3Mesoscale Atmospheric Processes Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USA
4Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research, Universities Space Research Association (GESTAR/USRA), Columbia, Maryland, USA
5Atmospheric Optics Group (GOA), University of Valladolid (UVA), 47071, Valladolid, Spain
Abstract. This study focuses on the analysis of Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) aerosol data obtained over Alborán Island (35.90° N, 3.03° W, 15 m a.s.l.) in the western Mediterranean from July 2011 to January 2012. Additional aerosol data from the three nearest AERONET stations (Málaga, Oujda and Palma de Mallorca) and the Maritime Aerosol Network (MAN) were also analyzed in order to investigate the temporal and spatial variations of aerosol over this scarcely explored region. High aerosol loads over Alborán were mainly associated with desert dust transport from North Africa and occasional advection of anthropogenic fine particles from central European urban-industrial areas. The fine particle load observed over Alborán was surprisingly similar to that obtained over the other three nearest AERONET stations, suggesting homogeneous spatial distribution of fine particle loads over the four studied sites in spite of the large differences in local sources. The results from MAN acquired over the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Atlantic Ocean from July to November 2011 revealed a pronounced predominance of fine particles during the cruise period.

Citation: Lyamani, H., Valenzuela, A., Perez-Ramirez, D., Toledano, C., Granados-Muñoz, M. J., Olmo, F. J., and Alados-Arboledas, L.: Aerosol properties over the western Mediterranean basin: temporal and spatial variability, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2473-2486, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-2473-2015, 2015.
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Short summary
High aerosol loads over Alborán were mainly associated with desert dust transport and occasional advection from central European urban-industrial areas. The fine particle load observed over Alborán was surprisingly similar to that obtained over the other three nearest AERONET stations, suggesting homogeneous spatial distribution of fine particle loads over the four studied sites in spite of the large differences in local sources.
High aerosol loads over Alborán were mainly associated with desert dust transport and...
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