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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 13, issue 17 | Copyright
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 9021-9037, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-9021-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 09 Sep 2013

Research article | 09 Sep 2013

Formulation and test of an ice aggregation scheme for two-moment bulk microphysics schemes

E. Kienast-Sjögren1, P. Spichtinger2, and K. Gierens3 E. Kienast-Sjögren et al.
  • 1Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 2Institute for Atmospheric Physics, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany
  • 3Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany

Abstract. A simple formulation of aggregation for two-moment bulk microphysical models is derived. The solution involves the evaluation of a double integral of the collection kernel weighted with the crystal size (or mass) distribution. This quantity is to be inserted into the differential equation for the crystal number concentration which has classical Smoluchowski form. The double integrals are evaluated numerically for log-normal size distributions over a large range of geometric mean masses. A polynomial fit of the results is given that yields good accuracy. Various tests of the new parameterisation are described: aggregation as stand-alone process, in a box-model, and in 2-D simulations of a cirrostratus cloud. These tests suggest that aggregation can become important for warm cirrus, leading even to higher and longer-lasting in-cloud supersaturation. Cold cirrus clouds are hardly affected by aggregation. The collection efficiency is taken from a parameterisation that assumes a dependence on temperature, a situation that might be improved when reliable measurements from cloud chambers suggests the necessary constraints for the choice of this parameter.

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