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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 13, issue 5
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2487-2505, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-2487-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2487-2505, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-2487-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 05 Mar 2013

Research article | 05 Mar 2013

Aerosol classification by airborne high spectral resolution lidar observations

S. Groß1, M. Esselborn*,1, B. Weinzierl1, M. Wirth1, A. Fix1, and A. Petzold**,1 S. Groß et al.
  • 1Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Weßling, Germany
  • *now at: European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
  • **now at: Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung IEK-8: Troposphäre, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, 52425 Jülich, Germany

Abstract. During four aircraft field experiments with the DLR research aircraft Falcon in 1998 (LACE), 2006 (SAMUM-1) and 2008 (SAMUM-2 and EUCAARI), airborne High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) and in situ measurements of aerosol microphysical and optical properties were performed. Altogether, the properties of six different aerosol types and aerosol mixtures – Saharan mineral dust, Saharan dust mixtures, Canadian biomass burning aerosol, African biomass burning mixture, anthropogenic pollution aerosol, and marine aerosol have been studied. On the basis of this extensive HSRL data set, we present an aerosol classification scheme which is also capable to identify mixtures of different aerosol types. We calculated mixing lines that allowed us to determine the contributing aerosol types. The aerosol classification scheme was supported by backward trajectory analysis and validated with in-situ measurements. Our results demonstrate that the developed aerosol mask is capable to identify complex stratifications with different aerosol types throughout the atmosphere.

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