Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2031-2044, 2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
21 Feb 2013
Evaluation of HOx sources and cycling using measurement-constrained model calculations in a 2-methyl-3-butene-2-ol (MBO) and monoterpene (MT) dominated ecosystem
S. Kim1,a, G. M. Wolfe2,b,c, L. Mauldin1,d,e, C. Cantrell1, A. Guenther1, T. Karl1, A. Turnipseed1, J. Greenberg1, S. R. Hall1, K. Ullmann1, E. Apel1, R. Hornbrook1, Y. Kajii3,f, Y. Nakashima3,g, F. N. Keutsch2, J. P. DiGangi2, S. B. Henry2, L. Kaser4, R. Schnitzhofer4, M. Graus5,6, A. Hansel4, W. Zheng1, and F. F. Flocke1 1ACD/NESL/NCAR Boulder, CO 80301, USA
2Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
3Division of Applied Chemistry, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo
4University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
5CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
6Chemical Science Division, ESRL-NOAA, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
anow at: Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
bnow at: Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology, Baltimore County, MD USA
cnow at: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
dnow at: Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
enow at: Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
fnow at: Graduate School of Environmental Studies and Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
gnow at: Department of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan
Abstract. We present a detailed analysis of OH observations from the BEACHON (Bio-hydro-atmosphere interactions of Energy, Aerosols, Carbon, H2O, Organics and Nitrogen)-ROCS (Rocky Mountain Organic Carbon Study) 2010 field campaign at the Manitou Forest Observatory (MFO), which is a 2-methyl-3-butene-2-ol (MBO) and monoterpene (MT) dominated forest environment. A comprehensive suite of measurements was used to constrain primary production of OH via ozone photolysis, OH recycling from HO2, and OH chemical loss rates, in order to estimate the steady-state concentration of OH. In addition, the University of Washington Chemical Model (UWCM) was used to evaluate the performance of a near-explicit chemical mechanism. The diurnal cycle in OH from the steady-state calculations is in good agreement with measurement. A comparison between the photolytic production rates and the recycling rates from the HO2 + NO reaction shows that recycling rates are ~20 times faster than the photolytic OH production rates from ozone. Thus, we find that direct measurement of the recycling rates and the OH loss rates can provide accurate predictions of OH concentrations. More importantly, we also conclude that a conventional OH recycling pathway (HO2 + NO) can explain the observed OH levels in this non-isoprene environment. This is in contrast to observations in isoprene-dominated regions, where investigators have observed significant underestimation of OH and have speculated that unknown sources of OH are responsible. The highly-constrained UWCM calculation under-predicts observed HO2 by as much as a factor of 8. As HO2 maintains oxidation capacity by recycling to OH, UWCM underestimates observed OH by as much as a factor of 4. When the UWCM calculation is constrained by measured HO2, model calculated OH is in better agreement with the observed OH levels. Conversely, constraining the model to observed OH only slightly reduces the model-measurement HO2 discrepancy, implying unknown HO2 sources. These findings demonstrate the importance of constraining the inputs to, and recycling within, the ROx radical pool (OH + HO2 + RO2).

Citation: Kim, S., Wolfe, G. M., Mauldin, L., Cantrell, C., Guenther, A., Karl, T., Turnipseed, A., Greenberg, J., Hall, S. R., Ullmann, K., Apel, E., Hornbrook, R., Kajii, Y., Nakashima, Y., Keutsch, F. N., DiGangi, J. P., Henry, S. B., Kaser, L., Schnitzhofer, R., Graus, M., Hansel, A., Zheng, W., and Flocke, F. F.: Evaluation of HOx sources and cycling using measurement-constrained model calculations in a 2-methyl-3-butene-2-ol (MBO) and monoterpene (MT) dominated ecosystem, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2031-2044,, 2013.
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