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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 11, issue 18 | Copyright
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9927-9941, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-9927-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 27 Sep 2011

Research article | 27 Sep 2011

Ethane, ethyne and carbon monoxide concentrations in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere from ACE and GEOS-Chem: a comparison study

G. González Abad1, N. D. C. Allen1, P. F. Bernath1, C. D. Boone2, S. D. McLeod2, G. L. Manney3,4, G. C. Toon3, C. Carouge5, Y. Wang6, S. Wu7, M. P. Barkley8,9, P. I. Palmer9, Y. Xiao10, and T. M. Fu11 G. González Abad et al.
  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, UK
  • 2Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
  • 3NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
  • 4Department of Physics, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico, USA
  • 5Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences and Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  • 6Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • 7Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences & Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Michigan Technological University, Houghton MI, USA
  • 8EOS Group, College of Science and Engineering, University of Leicester, UK
  • 9School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, UK
  • 10Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc., Lexington, MA, USA
  • 11Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, School of Physics, Peking University, China

Abstract. Near global upper tropospheric concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO), ethane (C2H6) and ethyne (C2H2) from ACE (Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment) Fourier transform spectrometer on board the Canadian satellite SCISAT-1 are presented and compared with the output from the Chemical Transport Model (CTM) GEOS-Chem. The retrievals of ethane and ethyne from ACE have been improved for this paper by using new sets of microwindows compared with those for previous versions of ACE data. With the improved ethyne retrieval we have been able to produce a near global upper tropospheric distribution of C2H2 from space. Carbon monoxide, ethane and ethyne concentrations retrieved using ACE spectra show the expected seasonality linked to variations in the anthropogenic emissions and destruction rates as well as seasonal biomass burning activity. The GEOS-Chem model was run using the dicarbonyl chemistry suite, an extended chemical mechanism in which ethyne is treated explicitly. Seasonal cycles observed from satellite data are well reproduced by the model output, however the simulated CO concentrations are found to be systematically biased low over the Northern Hemisphere. An average negative global mean bias of 12% and 7% of the model relative to the satellite observations has been found for CO and C2H6 respectively and a positive global mean bias of 1% has been found for C2H2. ACE data are compared for validation purposes with MkIV spectrometer data and Global Tropospheric Experiment (GTE) TRACE-A campaign data showing good agreement with all of them.

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