Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 5.414 IF 5.414
  • IF 5-year value: 5.958 IF 5-year
    5.958
  • CiteScore value: 9.7 CiteScore
    9.7
  • SNIP value: 1.517 SNIP 1.517
  • IPP value: 5.61 IPP 5.61
  • SJR value: 2.601 SJR 2.601
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 191 Scimago H
    index 191
  • h5-index value: 89 h5-index 89
Volume 11, issue 15
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 7601–7616, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-7601-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 7601–7616, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-7601-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 01 Aug 2011

Research article | 01 Aug 2011

Potential evaporation trends over land between 1983–2008: driven by radiative fluxes or vapour-pressure deficit?

C. Matsoukas1, N. Benas2, N. Hatzianastassiou3, K. G. Pavlakis4, M. Kanakidou5, and I. Vardavas2 C. Matsoukas et al.
  • 1Department of Environment, University of the Aegean, Mytilene, Greece
  • 2Department of Physics, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
  • 3Laboratory of Meteorology, Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
  • 4Department of General Applied Science, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
  • 5Environmental Chemical Processes Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece

Abstract. We model the Penman potential evaporation (PE) over all land areas of the globe for the 25-yr period 1983–2008, relying on radiation transfer models (RTMs) for the shortwave and longwave fluxes. Penman's PE is determined by two factors: available energy for evaporation and ground to atmosphere vapour transfer. Input to the PE model and RTMs comprises satellite cloud and aerosol data, as well as data from reanalyses. PE is closely linked to pan evaporation, whose trends have sparked controversy in the community, since the factors responsible for the observed pan evaporation trends are not determined with consensus. Our particular interest is the temporal evolution of PE, and the provided insight to the observed trends of pan evaporation. We examine the decadal trends of PE and various related physical quantities, such as net solar flux, net longwave flux, water vapour saturation deficit and wind speed. Our findings are the following: Global warming has led to a larger water vapour saturation deficit. The periods 1983–1989, 1990–1999, and 2000–2008 were characterised by decreasing, increasing, and slightly decreasing PE, respectively. In these last 25 yr, global dimming/brightening cycles generally increased the available energy for evaporation. PE trends seem to follow more closely the trends of energy availability than the trends of the atmospheric capability for vapour transfer, at most locations on the globe, with trends in the Northern hemisphere significantly larger than in the Southern. These results support the hypothesis that global potential evaporation trends are attributed primarily to secular changes in the radiation fluxes, and secondarily to vapour transfer considerations.

Publications Copernicus
Download
Citation