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Volume 11, issue 2 | Copyright

Special issue: AMMA Tropospheric Chemistry and Aerosols

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 479-494, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-479-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  17 Jan 2011

17 Jan 2011

Transport of dust particles from the Bodélé region to the monsoon layer – AMMA case study of the 9–14 June 2006 period

S. Crumeyrolle1,2, P. Tulet2,3, L. Gomes2, L. Garcia-Carreras4, C. Flamant5, D. J. Parker4, A. Matsuki1,6, P. Formenti7, and A. Schwarzenboeck1 S. Crumeyrolle et al.
  • 1Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique, Université Blaise Pascal, UMR 6016, Clermont-Ferrand, France
  • 2Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, GAME, Météo-France, Toulouse, France
  • 3LACy, Université de La Réunion, Saint-Denis, France
  • 4School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
  • 5LATMOS/IPSL, CNRS-UPMC-UVSQ, Paris, France
  • 6Frontier Science Organization, Kanazawa University, Japan
  • 7LISA/IPSL, Universités Paris 12 et Paris 7, CNRS, UMR 6240, Créteil, France

Abstract. Aerosol properties were measured during an airborne campaign experiment that took place in June 2006 in West Africa within the framework of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (AMMA). The goal of the present study was to investigate a dynamical mechanism able to facilitate the sedimentation of dust particles from the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) into the boundary layer. A significant change in the dust particle concentration measured along the meridian between Niamey (Niger) and Cotonou (Benin) was found in the boundary layer (~700 m), where the dust particle concentration increased in a zone where local emission is not possible. Moreover, the boundary layer top observed with the dropsondes launched with the F-F20 shows a strong relationship with the surface cover anomalies, with higher Boundary Layer (BL) tops over the warmer surfaces, such as croplands, as opposed to adjacent forest. A mesoscale atmospheric model with a new on-line dust parameterization, resulting from the Alfaro and Gomes (2001) parametrisation and AMMA observations, was used to interpret the impact of vegetation anomalies on dust particle sedimentation. The results of the simulation are consistent with the observations, with higher dust concentration over the warm surface cover anomalies.

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