Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 9473-9486, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
07 Oct 2010
The potential to narrow uncertainty in projections of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century
A. J. Charlton-Perez1, E. Hawkins1, V. Eyring2, I. Cionni2, G. E. Bodeker3, D. E. Kinnison4, H. Akiyoshi5, S. M. Frith6, R. Garcia4, A. Gettelman4, J. F. Lamarque4, T. Nakamura5, S. Pawson7, Y. Yamashita5, S. Bekki8, P. Braesicke9, M. P. Chipperfield10, S. Dhomse10, M. Marchand8, E. Mancini11, O. Morgenstern12, G. Pitari11, D. Plummer13, J. A. Pyle9, E. Rozanov14,15, J. Scinocca13, K. Shibata16, T. G. Shepherd17, W. Tian10, and D. W. Waugh18 1University of Reading, Dept. of Meteorology, Reading, UK
2Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
3Bodeker Scientific, The Elms, Alexandra, New Zealand
4National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
5National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
6Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham MD 20706, USA
7NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
8Service d'Aeronomie, Institut Pierre-Simone Laplace, Paris, France
9University of Cambridge, Department of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK
10University of Leeds, Institute for Atmospheric Science, UK
11Universit� L'Aquila, Dipartimento di Fisica, L'Aquila, Italy
12National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Reasearch, Lauder, New Zealand
13Environment Canada, Victoria, BC, Canada
14Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos/World Radiation Center, Davos, Switzerland
15Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
16Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan
17University of Toronto, Department of Physics, Canada
18Johns Hopkins University, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Abstract. Future stratospheric ozone concentrations will be determined both by changes in the concentration of ozone depleting substances (ODSs) and by changes in stratospheric and tropospheric climate, including those caused by changes in anthropogenic greenhouse gases (GHGs). Since future economic development pathways and resultant emissions of GHGs are uncertain, anthropogenic climate change could be a significant source of uncertainty for future projections of stratospheric ozone. In this pilot study, using an "ensemble of opportunity" of chemistry-climate model (CCM) simulations, the contribution of scenario uncertainty from different plausible emissions pathways for ODSs and GHGs to future ozone projections is quantified relative to the contribution from model uncertainty and internal variability of the chemistry-climate system. For both the global, annual mean ozone concentration and for ozone in specific geographical regions, differences between CCMs are the dominant source of uncertainty for the first two-thirds of the 21st century, up-to and after the time when ozone concentrations return to 1980 values. In the last third of the 21st century, dependent upon the set of greenhouse gas scenarios used, scenario uncertainty can be the dominant contributor. This result suggests that investment in chemistry-climate modelling is likely to continue to refine projections of stratospheric ozone and estimates of the return of stratospheric ozone concentrations to pre-1980 levels.

Citation: Charlton-Perez, A. J., Hawkins, E., Eyring, V., Cionni, I., Bodeker, G. E., Kinnison, D. E., Akiyoshi, H., Frith, S. M., Garcia, R., Gettelman, A., Lamarque, J. F., Nakamura, T., Pawson, S., Yamashita, Y., Bekki, S., Braesicke, P., Chipperfield, M. P., Dhomse, S., Marchand, M., Mancini, E., Morgenstern, O., Pitari, G., Plummer, D., Pyle, J. A., Rozanov, E., Scinocca, J., Shibata, K., Shepherd, T. G., Tian, W., and Waugh, D. W.: The potential to narrow uncertainty in projections of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 9473-9486,, 2010.
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