Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 5823-5838, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
01 Jul 2010
Chemistry of hydrogen oxide radicals (HOx) in the Arctic troposphere in spring
J. Mao1, D. J. Jacob1,2, M. J. Evans3, J. R. Olson4, X. Ren5, W. H. Brune6, J. M. St. Clair7, J. D. Crounse7, K. M. Spencer7, M. R. Beaver7, P. O. Wennberg8,9, M. J. Cubison10, J. L. Jimenez10, A. Fried11, P. Weibring11, J. G. Walega11, S. R. Hall12, A. J. Weinheimer12, R. C. Cohen13, G. Chen4, J. H. Crawford4, C. McNaughton14, A. D. Clarke14, L. Jaeglé15, J. A. Fisher2, R. M. Yantosca1, P. Le Sager1,*, and C. Carouge1 1School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
2Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
3School of Earth and the Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
4Science Directorate, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
5Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
6Department of Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
7Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
8Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
9Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
10Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences (CIRES),University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
11Earth Observing Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
12Atmospheric Chemistry Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
13Department of Chemistry and Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
14University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
15Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
*now at: KNMI, Chemistry and Climate Division, De Bilt, The Netherlands
Abstract. We use observations from the April 2008 NASA ARCTAS aircraft campaign to the North American Arctic, interpreted with a global 3-D chemical transport model (GEOS-Chem), to better understand the sources and cycling of hydrogen oxide radicals (HOx≡H+OH+peroxy radicals) and their reservoirs (HOy≡HOx+peroxides) in the springtime Arctic atmosphere. We find that a standard gas-phase chemical mechanism overestimates the observed HO2 and H2O2 concentrations. Computation of HOx and HOy gas-phase chemical budgets on the basis of the aircraft observations also indicates a large missing sink for both. We hypothesize that this could reflect HO2 uptake by aerosols, favored by low temperatures and relatively high aerosol loadings, through a mechanism that does not produce H2O2. We implemented such an uptake of HO2 by aerosol in the model using a standard reactive uptake coefficient parameterization with γ(HO2) values ranging from 0.02 at 275 K to 0.5 at 220 K. This successfully reproduces the concentrations and vertical distributions of the different HOx species and HOy reservoirs. HO2 uptake by aerosol is then a major HOx and HOy sink, decreasing mean OH and HO2 concentrations in the Arctic troposphere by 32% and 31% respectively. Better rate and product data for HO2 uptake by aerosol are needed to understand this role of aerosols in limiting the oxidizing power of the Arctic atmosphere.

Citation: Mao, J., Jacob, D. J., Evans, M. J., Olson, J. R., Ren, X., Brune, W. H., Clair, J. M. St., Crounse, J. D., Spencer, K. M., Beaver, M. R., Wennberg, P. O., Cubison, M. J., Jimenez, J. L., Fried, A., Weibring, P., Walega, J. G., Hall, S. R., Weinheimer, A. J., Cohen, R. C., Chen, G., Crawford, J. H., McNaughton, C., Clarke, A. D., Jaeglé, L., Fisher, J. A., Yantosca, R. M., Le Sager, P., and Carouge, C.: Chemistry of hydrogen oxide radicals (HOx) in the Arctic troposphere in spring, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 5823-5838,, 2010.
Publications Copernicus