Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 475-497, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
20 Jan 2010
Advective mixing in a nondivergent barotropic hurricane model
B. Rutherford1, G. Dangelmayr1, J. Persing1, W. H. Schubert2, and M. T. Montgomery3 1Department of Mathematics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1874, USA
2Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1371, USA
3Department of Meteorology, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943-5114, USA
Abstract. This paper studies Lagrangian mixing in a two-dimensional barotropic model for hurricane-like vortices. Since such flows show high shearing in the radial direction, particle separation across shear-lines is diagnosed through a Lagrangian field, referred to as R-field, that measures trajectory separation orthogonal to the Lagrangian velocity. The shear-lines are identified with the level-contours of another Lagrangian field, referred to as S-field, that measures the average shear-strength along a trajectory. Other fields used for model diagnostics are the Lagrangian field of finite-time Lyapunov exponents (FTLE-field), the Eulerian Q-field, and the angular velocity field. Because of the high shearing, the FTLE-field is not a suitable indicator for advective mixing, and in particular does not exhibit ridges marking the location of finite-time stable and unstable manifolds. The FTLE-field is similar in structure to the radial derivative of the angular velocity. In contrast, persisting ridges and valleys can be clearly recognized in the R-field, and their propagation speed indicates that transport across shear-lines is caused by Rossby waves. A radial mixing rate derived from the R-field gives a time-dependent measure of flux across the shear-lines. On the other hand, a measured mixing rate across the shear-lines, which counts trajectory crossings, confirms the results from the R-field mixing rate, and shows high mixing in the eyewall region after the formation of a polygonal eyewall, which continues until the vortex breaks down. The location of the R-field ridges elucidates the role of radial mixing for the interaction and breakdown of the mesovortices shown by the model.

Citation: Rutherford, B., Dangelmayr, G., Persing, J., Schubert, W. H., and Montgomery, M. T.: Advective mixing in a nondivergent barotropic hurricane model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 475-497,, 2010.
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