Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4331-4341, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
07 May 2010
Technical Note: Fast two-dimensional GC-MS with thermal extraction for anhydro-sugars in fine aerosols
Y. Ma1,*, M. D. Hays1, C. D. Geron1, J. T. Walker1, and M. J. Gatari Gichuru2 1National Risk Management Research Laboratory, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
2Institute of Nuclear Science & Technology, College of Architecture and Engineering, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
*currently at: California Air Resources Board, 9528 Telstar Avenue, El Monte, CA 91731, USA
Abstract. A fast two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC-MS) method that uses heart-cutting and thermal extraction (TE) and requires no chemical derivatization was developed for the determination of anhydro-sugars in fine aerosols. Evaluation of the TE-GC-GC-MS method shows high average relative accuracy (≥90%), reproducibility (≤10% relative standard deviation), detection limits of less than 3 ng/μL, and negligible carryover for levoglucosan, mannosan, and galactosan markers. TE-GC-GC-MS- and solvent extraction (SE)-GC-MS-measured levoglucosan concentrations correlate across several diverse types of biomass burning aerosols. Because the SE-GC-MS measurements were taken 8 years prior to the TE-GC-GC-MS ones, the stability of levoglucosan is established for quartz filter-collected biomass burning aerosol samples stored at ultra-low temperature (−50 °C). Levoglucosan concentrations (w/w) in aerosols collected following atmospheric dilution near open fires of varying intensity are similar to those in biomass burning aerosols produced in a laboratory enclosure. An average levoglucosan-mannosan-galactosan ratio of 15:2:1 is observed for these two aerosol sets. TE-GC-GC-MS analysis of atmospheric aerosols from the US and Africa produced levoglucosan concentrations (0.01–1.6 μg/m3) well within those reported for aerosols collected globally and examined using different analytical techniques (0.004–7.6 μg/m3). Further comparisons among techniques suggest that fast TE-GC-GC-MS is among the most sensitive, accurate, and precise methods for compound-specific quantification of anhydro-sugars. In addition, an approximately twofold increase in anhydro-sugar determination may be realized when combining TE with fast chromatography.

Citation: Ma, Y., Hays, M. D., Geron, C. D., Walker, J. T., and Gatari Gichuru, M. J.: Technical Note: Fast two-dimensional GC-MS with thermal extraction for anhydro-sugars in fine aerosols, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4331-4341,, 2010.
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