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Volume 10, issue 2 | Copyright

Special issue: ICIS-2007

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 313-325, 2010
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-313-2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  18 Jan 2010

18 Jan 2010

Single ice crystal measurements during nucleation experiments with the depolarization detector IODE

M. Nicolet1, O. Stetzer1, F. Lüönd1, O. Möhler2, and U. Lohmann1 M. Nicolet et al.
  • 1Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
  • 2Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany

Abstract. In order to determine the efficiency of different aerosol particles to nucleate ice, an Ice Optical DEpolarization detector (IODE) was developed to distinguish between water droplets and ice crystals in ice nucleation chambers. A laser beam polarized linearly (power: 50 mW, wavelength: 407 nm) is directed through the chamber. The scattered light intensity from particles is measured at a scattering angle of Θ=175° in both polarization components (parallel and perpendicular). The ratio between the perpendicular intensity over the total one yields the depolarization ratio δ. Single particle detection is possible, using a peak detection algorithm. For high particle concentrations, a real-time signal averaging method can also be run simultaneously.

The IODE detector was used in connection with the Zurich ice nucleation chamber during the ICIS 2007 workshop where ice nucleation experiments were performed with several aerosol types. In presence of ice crystals, a depolarization ratio could be measured on a particle-by-particle basis. Mean values of δ ranged from 0.24 to 0.37 and agree well with theoretical calculations.

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