Aerosol vertical distribution and optical properties over M'Bour (16.96° W; 14.39° N), Senegal from 2006 to 2008 J.-F. Léon1,*, Y. Derimian1, I. Chiapello1, D. Tanré1, T. Podvin1, B. Chatenet2, A. Diallo3, and C. Deroo1 1Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphérique, CNRS-Université de Lille 1, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France 2Laboratoire Inter-Universitaire des systèmes Atmosphériques, CNRS-Université de Paris 7–12, Créteil, France 3Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Dakar, Senegal *now at: Laboratoire d'Aérologie, CNRS-Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
Abstract. We present ground-based measurements of aerosol mass, optical properties and
vertical extinction profiles acquired in M'Bour, Senegal (16.96° W;
14.39° N) from January 2006 to September 2008. This place of the world
is all year long affected by the export of mineral dust as it moves westward
to the north Atlantic ocean. The maximum in the dust activity is observed in
summer (June–July), corresponding to a maximum in the aerosol optical
thickness (above 0.5) and single scattering albedo (above 0.95). It also
corresponds to a maximum in the top altitude of the transported aerosol layer
(up to 6 km) and aerosol optical thickness scale height (up to 3.5 km)
due to the presence of the Saharan Air Layer located between 2 and
6 km. The late summer shows an additional low level aerosol layer that
increases in thickness in autumn. Severe dust storms are also systematically
observed in spring (March) but with a lower vertical development and a
stronger impact (factor 2 to 3) on the ground-level mass compared to summer.
Sporadic events of biomass burning aerosols are observed in winter (January)
and particularly in January 2006 when the biomass burning aerosol are
advected between 1.5 and 3.5 km high. On average, the seasonal signal
in the aerosol optical properties and vertical distribution is very similar
from year to year over our 3 year monitoring.
Citation: Léon, J.-F., Derimian, Y., Chiapello, I., Tanré, D., Podvin, T., Chatenet, B., Diallo, A., and Deroo, C.: Aerosol vertical distribution and optical properties over M'Bour (16.96° W; 14.39° N), Senegal from 2006 to 2008, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 9249-9261, doi:10.5194/acp-9-9249-2009, 2009.