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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 8211-8221, 2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
03 Nov 2009
Direct measurements of the effect of biomass burning over the Amazon on the atmospheric temperature profile
A. Davidi1, I. Koren1, and L. Remer2
1Department of Environmental Sciences, Weizmann Institute, Rehovot, Israel
2NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA

Abstract. Aerosols suspended in the atmosphere interact with solar radiation and clouds, thus change the radiation energy fluxes in the atmospheric column. In this paper we measure changes in the atmospheric temperature profile as a function of the smoke loading and the cloudiness, over the Amazon basin, during the dry seasons (August and September) of 2005–2008. We show that as the aerosol optical depth (AOD) increases from 0.02 to a value of ~0.6, there is a decrease of ~4°C at 1000 hPa, and an increase of ~1.5°C at 850 hPa. The warming of the aerosol layer at 850 hPa is likely due to aerosol absorption when the particles are exposed to direct illumination by the sun. The large values of cooling in the lower layers could be explained by a combination of aerosol extinction of the solar flux in the layers aloft together with an aerosol-induced increase of cloud cover which shade the lower atmosphere. We estimate that the increase in cloud fraction due to aerosol contributes about half of the observed cooling in the lower layers.

Citation: Davidi, A., Koren, I., and Remer, L.: Direct measurements of the effect of biomass burning over the Amazon on the atmospheric temperature profile, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 8211-8221, doi:10.5194/acp-9-8211-2009, 2009.
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