Gas phase acetic acid and its qualitative effects on snow crystal morphology and the quasi-liquid layer 1Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, 560 Oval Dr., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2Department of Earth and Atmospheric Science, Purdue University, 550 Stadium Mall Dr., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
3Purdue Climate Change Research Center, Purdue University, 503 Northwestern Ave., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
Received: 31 Oct 2008 – Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 09 Jan 2009 – Published: 16 Oct 2009Abstract. A chamber was constructed within which snow crystals were grown on a string
at various temperatures, relative humidities, and acetic acid gas phase mole
fractions. The temperature, relative humidity, and acid mole fraction were
measured for the first time at the point of crystal growth. Snow crystal
morphological transition temperature shifts were recorded as a function of
acid mole fraction, and interpreted according to the calculated acid
concentration in the crystal's quasi-liquid layer, which is believed to have
increased in thickness as a function of acid mole fraction, thereby
affecting the crystal's morphology consistent with the hypothesis of Kuroda
and Lacmann. Deficiencies in the understanding of the quasi-liquid layer
and its role in determining snow crystal morphology are briefly discussed.
Citation: Knepp, T. N., Renkens, T. L., and Shepson, P. B.: Gas phase acetic acid and its qualitative effects on snow crystal morphology and the quasi-liquid layer, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 7679-7690, doi:10.5194/acp-9-7679-2009, 2009.