Real time chemical characterization of local and regional nitrate aerosols 1National Centre for Atmospheric Science, Division of Environmental Health & Risk Management, School of Geography, Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
2National Centre for Atmospheric Science, School of Earth, Atmospheric & Environmental Sciences, The University of Manchester, Simon Building Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
*currently at: School of Physics & Centre for Climate & Air Pollution Studies, Environmental Change Institute National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
Received: 04 Aug 2008 – Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 17 Nov 2008 – Published: 09 Jun 2009Abstract. Nitrate aerosols make a very major contribution to PM2.5 and PM10
in western Europe, but their sources and pathways have not been fully
elucidated. An Aerosol Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer (ATOFMS) and a
Compact Time of Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (C-ToF-AMS) were deployed
in an urban background location in London, UK, collecting data as part of
the REPARTEE-I experiment. During REPARTEE-I, daily PM10 concentrations
ranged up to 43.6 μg m−3, with hourly nitrate concentrations
(measured by AMS) of up to 5.3 μg m−3. The application of the
ART-2a neural network algorithm to the ATOFMS data characterised the nitrate
particles as occurring in two distinct clusters (i.e. particle types). The
first (33.6% of particles by number) appeared to be locally produced in
urban locations during nighttime, whilst the second (22.8% of particles
by number) was regionally transported from continental Europe. Nitrate in
locally produced aerosol was present mainly in particles smaller than 300 nm, whilst the regional nitrate presented a coarser mode, peaking at 600 nm.
In both aerosol types, nitrate was found to be internally mixed with
sulphate, ammonium, elemental and organic carbon. Nitrate in regional
aerosol appeared to be more volatile than that locally formed. During
daytime, a core of the regionally transported nitrate aerosol particle type
composed of organic carbon and sulphate was detected.
Citation: Dall'Osto, M., Harrison, R. M., Coe, H., Williams, P. I., and Allan, J. D.: Real time chemical characterization of local and regional nitrate aerosols, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3709-3720, doi:10.5194/acp-9-3709-2009, 2009.