Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 4739-4754, 2006
© Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under the
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In the present study, in order to interpret these observed data on scavenging coefficients from Laakso et al. (2003a), we use a model that includes below-cloud scavenging processes, mixing of ultrafine particles from the boundary layer (BL) into cloud, followed by cloud condensation nuclei activation and in-cloud removal by rainfall. The range of effective scavenging coefficient predicted by the new model, corresponding to wide ranges of values of its input parameters, are compared with observations. Results show that ultrafine particle removal by rain depends on aerosol size, rainfall intensity, mixing processes between BL and cloud elements, in-cloud scavenged fraction, in-cloud collection efficiency, and in-cloud coagulation with cloud droplets.
The scavenging coefficients predicted by the new model are found to be significantly sensitive to the choice of representation of: (1) mixing processes; (2) raindrop size distribution; (3) phoretic effects in aerosol-raindrop collisions; and (4) cloud droplet activation. Implications for future studies of BL ultrafine particles scavenging are discussed.