Comparison of high-latitude line-of-sight ozone column density with derived ozone fields and the effects of horizontal inhomogeneity
1The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA
2Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
3National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA
4NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
5NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
Abstract. Extensive ozone measurements were made during the second SAGE III Ozone Loss and Validation Experiment (SOLVE II). We compare high-latitude line-of-sight (LOS) slant column ozone measurements from the NASA DC-8 to ozone simulated by forward integration of measurement-derived ozone fields constructed both with and without the assumption of horizontal homogeneity. The average bias and rms error of the simulations assuming homogeneity are relatively small (−6 and 10%, respectively) in comparison to the LOS measurements. The comparison improves significantly (−2% bias; 8% rms error) using forward integrations of three-dimensional proxy ozone fields reconstructed from potential vorticity-O3 correlations. The comparisons provide additional verification of the proxy fields and quantify the influence of large-scale ozone inhomogeneity. The spatial inhomogeneity of the atmosphere is a source of error in the retrieval of trace gas vertical profiles and column abundance from LOS measurements, as well as a complicating factor in intercomparisons that include LOS measurements at large solar zenith angles.