Spectroscopic evidence for NAT, STS, and ice in MIPAS infrared limb emission measurements of polar stratospheric clouds M. Höpfner1, B. P. Luo2, P. Massoli3,*, F. Cairo3, R. Spang4, M. Snels3, G. Di Donfrancesco5, G. Stiller1, T. von Clarmann1, H. Fischer1, and U. Biermann6,** 1Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung, Karlsruhe, Germany 2Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima, ETH-Hönggerberg, Zürich, Switzerland 3Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Scienze dell’Atmosfera e del Clima, Rome, Italy 4Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institut für Chemie und Dynamik der Geosphäre, Jülich, Germany 5Ente per le Nuove tecnologie, l’Energie e l’Ambiente, Rome, Italy 6Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie, Abteilung Atmosphärenchemie, Mainz, Germany *now at: University of Colorado, Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, USA **now at: Referat für Umwelt- und Energiepolitik des SPD-Parteivorstandes, Berlin, Germany Italy
Abstract. We have analyzed mid-infrared limb-emission measurements of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs)
by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) during the
Antarctic winter 2003 with respect to PSC composition. Coincident Lidar observations from McMurdo
were used for comparison with PSC types 1a, 1b and 2.
Application of new refractive index data of β-NAT have allowed to accurately
simulate the prominent spectral band
at 820 cm-1 observed by MIPAS at the location where the Lidar instrument
observed type 1a PSCs. Broadband
spectral fits covering the range from 780 to 960 cm-1 and from 1220 to 1490 cm-1
showed best agreement with the MIPAS measurements when spectroscopic data of NAT were
used to simulate the MIPAS spectra.
measurements collocated with Lidar observations of Type 1b and Type 2 PSCs could only be
reproduced by assuming a composition of supercooled ternary H2SO4/HNO3/H2O
solution (STS) and of ice, respectively. Particle radius and number density profiles
derived from MIPAS were generally consistent with the Lidar observations. Only in the case
of ice clouds, PSC volumes are partly underestimated by MIPAS due to large cloud optical thickness in the
A comparison of MIPAS cloud composition and Lidar PSC-type determination based
on all available MIPAS-Lidar coincident measurements revealed good agreement between PSC-types
1a, 1b and 2, and NAT, STS and ice, respectively.
We could not find spectroscopic evidence for the presence of nitric acid dihydrate (NAD)
from MIPAS observations of PSCs over Antarctica in 2003.
Citation: Höpfner, M., Luo, B. P., Massoli, P., Cairo, F., Spang, R., Snels, M., Di Donfrancesco, G., Stiller, G., von Clarmann, T., Fischer, H., and Biermann, U.: Spectroscopic evidence for NAT, STS, and ice in MIPAS infrared limb emission measurements of polar stratospheric clouds, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 1201-1219, doi:10.5194/acp-6-1201-2006, 2006.