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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 611-622, 2005
© Author(s) 2005. This work is licensed under the
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
01 Mar 2005
Column ozone and aerosol optical properties retrieved from direct solar irradiance measurements during SOLVE II
W. H. Swartz1, J.-H. Yee1, R. E. Shetter2, S. R. Hall2, B. L. Lefer2,*, J. M. Livingston3, P. B. Russell4, E. V. Browell5, and M. A. Avery5
1The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland, USA
2National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA
3SRI International, Menlo Park, California, USA
4NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA
5NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, USA
*now at: University of Houston, Department of Geosciences, Houston, Texas, USA

Abstract. Direct observation of the Sun at large solar zenith angles during the second SAGE III Ozone Loss and Validation Experiment (SOLVE II)/Validation of International Satellites and study of Ozone Loss (VINTERSOL) campaign by several instruments provided a rich dataset for the retrieval and analysis of line-of-sight column composition, intercomparison, and measurement validation. A flexible, multi-species spectral fitting technique is presented and applied to spectral solar irradiance measurements made by the NCAR Direct beam Irradiance Atmospheric Spectrometer (DIAS) on-board the NASA DC-8. The approach allows for the independent retrieval of O3, O2·O2, and aerosol optical properties, by constraining Rayleigh extinction. We examine the 19 January 2003 and 6 February 2003 flights and find very good agreement of O3 and O2·O2 retrievals with forward-modeling calculations, even at large solar zenith angles, where refraction is important. Intercomparisons of retrieved ozone and aerosol optical thickness with results from the Ames Airborne Tracking Sunphotometer (AATS-14) are summarized.

Citation: Swartz, W. H., Yee, J.-H., Shetter, R. E., Hall, S. R., Lefer, B. L., Livingston, J. M., Russell, P. B., Browell, E. V., and Avery, M. A.: Column ozone and aerosol optical properties retrieved from direct solar irradiance measurements during SOLVE II, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 611-622, doi:10.5194/acp-5-611-2005, 2005.
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