Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 2181-2213, 2004
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Results derived here are in general agreement with the results obtained by other methods for deducing polar ozone loss. Differences occur mainly owing to different time periods considered in deriving accumulated ozone loss. However, very strong ozone losses as deduced from SAOZ for January in winters 1993-1994 and 1995-1996 cannot be identified using available HALOE observations in the early winter. In general, strong accumulated ozone loss was found to occur in conjunction with a strong cold vortex containing a large volume of possible PSC existence (VPSC), whereas moderate ozone loss was found if the vortex was less strong and moderately warm. Hardly any ozone loss was calculated for very warm winters with small amounts of VPSC during the entire winter. This study supports the linear relationship between VPSC and the accumulated ozone loss reported by Rex et al. (2004) if VPSC was averaged over the entire winter period. Here, further meteorological factors controlling ozone loss were additionally identified if VPSC was averaged over the same time interval as that for which the accumulated ozone loss was deduced. A significant difference in ozone loss (of ≈36DU) was found due to the different duration of solar illumination of the polar vortex of at maximum 4 hours per day in the observed years. Further, the increased burden of aerosols in the atmosphere after the Pinatubo volcanic eruption in 1991 significantly increased the extent of chemical ozone loss.