One year boundary layer aerosol size distribution data from five nordic background stations P. Tunved1, H.-C. Hansson1, M. Kulmala2, P. Aalto2, Y. Viisanen3, H. Karlsson1, A. Kristensson4, E. Swietlicki4, M. Dal Maso2, J. Ström1, and M. Komppula3 1Institute for Applied Environmental Research, Stockholm University, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden 2Department of Physics, POB 9, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland 3Finnish Meteorological Institute, POB 503, FIN-00101 Helsinki, Finland 4Division of Nuclear Physics, POB 118, SE-221 00 Lund University, Sweden
Abstract. Size distribution measurements performed at five different stations have been investigated
during a one-year period between 01 June 2000 and 31 May 2001 with focus on diurnal,
seasonal and geographical differences of size distribution properties. The stations involved
cover a large geographical area ranging from the Finnish Lapland (67º N) down to southern
Sweden (56º N) in the order Värriö, Pallas, Hyytiälä, Aspvreten and
Vavihill. The shape of the size distribution is typically bimodal during winter with a larger fraction of
accumulation mode particles compared to the other seasons. Highest Aitken mode
concentration is found during summer and spring during the year of study. The maximum of nucleation events occur during the spring months at all stations. Nucleation
events occur during other months as well, although not as frequently. Large differences were found between different categories of stations. Northerly located
stations such as Pallas and Värriö presented well-separated Aitken and accumulation modes,
while the two modes often overlap significantly at the two southernmost stations Vavihill and
A method to cluster trajectories was used to analyse the impact of long-range transport on the
observed aerosol properties. Clusters of trajectories arriving from the continent were clearly
associated with size distributions shifted towards the accumulation mode. This feature was
more pronounced the further south the station was located. Marine- or Arctic-type clusters
were associated with large variability in the nuclei size ranges.
A quasi-lagrangian approach was used to investigate transport related changes in the aerosol
properties. Typically, an increase in especially Aitken mode concentrations was observed
when advection from the north occurs, i.e. allowing more continental influence on the aerosol
when comparing the different measurement sites. When trajectory clusters arrive to the
stations from SW, a gradual decrease in number concentration is experienced in all modes as
latitude of measurement site increases.
Citation: Tunved, P., Hansson, H.-C., Kulmala, M., Aalto, P., Viisanen, Y., Karlsson, H., Kristensson, A., Swietlicki, E., Dal Maso, M., Ström, J., and Komppula, M.: One year boundary layer aerosol size distribution data from five nordic background stations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 2183-2205, doi:10.5194/acp-3-2183-2003, 2003.