Virtual disjunct eddy covariance measurements of organic compound fluxes from a subalpine forest using proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry T. G. Karl1,*, C. Spirig1,2, J. Rinne1,3, C. Stroud1, P. Prevost1, J. Greenberg1, R. Fall4, and A. Guenther1 1National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA 2Eidg. Forschungsanstalt für Agrarökologie und Landwirtschaft, Zürich, Switzerland 3now at: Centre National de Recherches Meteorologiques, Toulouse, France 4University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA *present address: ACD, NCAR, PO 3000, Boulder, CO, 80307, USA
Abstract. A `virtual' disjunct eddy covariance (vDEC) device was tested with field measurements
of biogenic VOC fluxes at a subalpine forest site in the Rocky Mountains of the USA. A
PTR-MS instrument was used as the VOC sensor. Daily peak emission fluxes of 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol
(MBO), methanol, acetone and acetaldehyde were around 1.5, 1, 0.8 and 0.4
mg m-2 h-1, respectively. High pass filtering due to long sampling lines was investigated in
laboratory experiments, and suggested that VOC losses in PTFA lines are generally governed
by diffusion laws. Memory effects and surface reactions did not seem to play a dominant role.
Model estimates of MBO fluxes compared well with measured fluxes. The results also
suggest that latent heat and sensible heat fluxes are reasonably well correlated with VOC
fluxes and could be used to predict variations in VOC emissions. The release of
MBO, methanol, acetone and acetaldehyde resulted in significant change of tropospheric oxidant
levels and a 10--40% increase in ozone levels, as inferred from a photochemical box model.
We conclude that vDEC with a PTR-MS instrument is a versatile tool for simultaneous field
analysis of multiple VOC fluxes.
Citation: Karl, T. G., Spirig, C., Rinne, J., Stroud, C., Prevost, P., Greenberg, J., Fall, R., and Guenther, A.: Virtual disjunct eddy covariance measurements of organic compound fluxes from a subalpine forest using proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2, 279-291, doi:10.5194/acp-2-279-2002, 2002.