Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 5877-5892, 2017
http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/17/5877/2017/
doi:10.5194/acp-17-5877-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
12 May 2017
Sensitivity study of cloud parameterizations with relative dispersion in CAM5.1: impacts on aerosol indirect effects
Xiaoning Xie1, He Zhang2, Xiaodong Liu1,3, Yiran Peng4, and Yangang Liu5 1SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710061, China
2International Center for Climate and Environment Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
4Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth System Modeling, Center for Earth System Science, and Joint Center for Global Change Studies (JCGCS), Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
5Environmental and Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000, USA
Abstract. Aerosol-induced increase of relative dispersion of cloud droplet size distribution ε exerts a warming effect and partly offsets the cooling of aerosol indirect radiative forcing (AIF) associated with increased droplet concentration by increasing the cloud droplet effective radius (Re) and enhancing the cloud-to-rain autoconversion rate (Au) (labeled as the dispersion effect), which can help reconcile global climate models (GCMs) with the satellite observations. However, the total dispersion effects on both Re and Au are not fully considered in most GCMs, especially in different versions of the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM). In order to accurately evaluate the dispersion effect on AIF, the new complete cloud parameterizations of Re and Au explicitly accounting for ε are implemented into the CAM version 5.1 (CAM5.1), and a suite of sensitivity experiments is conducted with different representations of ε reported in the literature. It is shown that the shortwave cloud radiative forcing is much better simulated with the new cloud parameterizations as compared to the standard scheme in CAM5.1, whereas the influences on longwave cloud radiative forcing and surface precipitation are minimal. Additionally, consideration of the dispersion effect can significantly reduce the changes induced by anthropogenic aerosols in the cloud-top effective radius and the liquid water path, especially in the Northern Hemisphere. The corresponding AIF with the dispersion effect considered can also be reduced substantially by a range of 0.10 to 0.21 W m−2 at the global scale and by a much bigger margin of 0.25 to 0.39 W m−2 for the Northern Hemisphere in comparison with that of fixed relative dispersion, mainly dependent on the change of relative dispersion and droplet concentrations (Δε∕ΔNc).

Citation: Xie, X., Zhang, H., Liu, X., Peng, Y., and Liu, Y.: Sensitivity study of cloud parameterizations with relative dispersion in CAM5.1: impacts on aerosol indirect effects, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 5877-5892, doi:10.5194/acp-17-5877-2017, 2017.
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Short summary
New complete cloud parameterizations of cloud droplet effective radius and the two-moment cloud-to-rain autoconversion process explicitly accounting for dispersion are implemented into CAM5.1. The results show that the consideration of dispersion effect can significantly reduce the changes induced by anthropogenic aerosols in the cloud-top effective radius and the liquid water path, which reduces the AIF substantially at a global scale, especially in the Northern Hemisphere.
New complete cloud parameterizations of cloud droplet effective radius and the two-moment...
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