1Department of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley,
CA 94720, USA
2School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University,
Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
3Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California
Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Received: 17 Jun 2016 – Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 23 Jun 2016
Abstract. With the majority of the world population residing in urban areas, attempts to monitor and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions must necessarily center on cities. However, existing carbon dioxide observation networks are ill-equipped to resolve the specific intra-city emission phenomena targeted by regulation. Here we describe the design and implementation of the BErkeley Atmospheric CO2 Observation Network (BEACO2N), a distributed CO2 monitoring instrument that utilizes low-cost technology to achieve unprecedented spatial density throughout and around the city of Oakland, California. We characterize the network in terms of four performance parameters – cost, reliability, precision, and systematic uncertainty – and find the BEACO2N approach to be sufficiently cost-effective and reliable while nonetheless providing high-quality atmospheric observations. First results from the initial installation successfully capture hourly, daily, and seasonal CO2 signals relevant to urban environments on spatial scales that cannot be accurately represented by atmospheric transport models alone, demonstrating the utility of high-resolution surface networks in urban greenhouse gas monitoring efforts.
Revised: 09 Sep 2016 – Accepted: 10 Oct 2016 – Published: 31 Oct 2016
Shusterman, A. A., Teige, V. E., Turner, A. J., Newman, C., Kim, J., and Cohen, R. C.: The BErkeley Atmospheric CO2 Observation Network: initial evaluation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 13449-13463, doi:10.5194/acp-16-13449-2016, 2016.