Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2889-2902, 2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
13 Mar 2015
Stratospheric and mesospheric HO2 observations from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder
L. Millán1,2, S. Wang2, N. Livesey2, D. Kinnison3, H. Sagawa4, and Y. Kasai4 1Joint Institute for Regional Earth System Science and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
2Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
3National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA
4National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Koganei, Tokyo, Japan
Abstract. This study introduces stratospheric and mesospheric hydroperoxyl radical (HO2) estimates from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) using an offline retrieval (i.e. run separately from the standard MLS algorithm). This new data set provides two daily zonal averages, one during daytime from 10 to 0.0032 hPa (using day-minus-night differences between 10 and 1 hPa to ameliorate systematic biases) and one during nighttime from 1 to 0.0032 hPa. The vertical resolution of this new data set varies from about 4 km at 10 hPa to around 14 km at 0.0032 hPa. A description of the methodology and an error analysis are presented. Comparisons against the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM), the Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES) and the Far Infrared Spectrometer (FIRS-2) measurements, as well as photochemical simulations, demonstrate the robustness of the retrieval and indicate that the retrieval is sensitive enough to detect mesospheric HO2 layers during both day and night. This new data set is the first long-term HO2 stratospheric and mesospheric satellite record and it provides needed constraints to help resolve the O3 deficit problem and the "HOx dilemma".

Citation: Millán, L., Wang, S., Livesey, N., Kinnison, D., Sagawa, H., and Kasai, Y.: Stratospheric and mesospheric HO2 observations from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2889-2902, doi:10.5194/acp-15-2889-2015, 2015.
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