Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 9819-9835, 2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
07 Oct 2013
Hygroscopic properties of smoke-generated organic aerosol particles emitted in the marine atmosphere
A. Wonaschütz1, M. Coggon2, A. Sorooshian3,4, R. Modini5,*, A. A. Frossard5, L. Ahlm5,**, J. Mülmenstädt5, G. C. Roberts5,6, L. M. Russell5, S. Dey7, F. J. Brechtel7, and J. H. Seinfeld2 1University of Vienna, Faculty of Physics, Vienna, Austria
2Department of Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
3Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
4Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
5Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
6Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique – Groupe d'études de l'Atmosphère Météorologique, Toulouse, France
7Brechtel Manufacturing, Inc., Hayward, CA, USA
*now at: Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
**now at: Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Abstract. During the Eastern Pacific Emitted Aerosol Cloud Experiment (E-PEACE), a plume of organic aerosol was produced by a smoke generator and emitted into the marine atmosphere from aboard the R/V Point Sur. In this study, the hygroscopic properties and the chemical composition of the plume were studied at plume ages between 0 and 4 h in different meteorological conditions. In sunny conditions, the plume particles had very low hygroscopic growth factors (GFs): between 1.05 and 1.09 for 30 nm and between 1.02 and 1.1 for 150 nm dry size at a relative humidity (RH) of 92%, contrasted by an average marine background GF of 1.6. New particles were produced in large quantities (several 10 000 cm−3), which lead to substantially increased cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations at supersaturations between 0.07 and 0.88%. Ratios of oxygen to carbon (O : C) and water-soluble organic mass (WSOM) increased with plume age: from < 0.001 to 0.2, and from 2.42 to 4.96 μg m−3, respectively, while organic mass fractions decreased slightly (~ 0.97 to ~ 0.94). High-resolution aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) spectra show that the organic fragment m/z 43 was dominated by C2H3O+ in the small, new particle mode and by C3H7+ in the large particle mode. In the marine background aerosol, GFs for 150 nm particles at 40% RH were found to be enhanced at higher organic mass fractions: an average GF of 1.06 was observed for aerosols with an organic mass fraction of 0.53, and a GF of 1.04 for an organic mass fraction of 0.35.

Citation: Wonaschütz, A., Coggon, M., Sorooshian, A., Modini, R., Frossard, A. A., Ahlm, L., Mülmenstädt, J., Roberts, G. C., Russell, L. M., Dey, S., Brechtel, F. J., and Seinfeld, J. H.: Hygroscopic properties of smoke-generated organic aerosol particles emitted in the marine atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 9819-9835, doi:10.5194/acp-13-9819-2013, 2013.
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