1Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena CA, 91109, USA
2Air Quality Research Division, Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
3MPI for Chemistry, Satellite Remote Sensing, Mainz, Germany
4Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Uji, Japan
5ISS Science Project Office, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, \newline Sagamihara, Japan
6National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Koganei, Japan
7LATMOS, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite Versailles Saint-Quentin, Guyancourt, France
8Institut für Umweltphysik, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Received: 26 Jun 2012 – Discussion started: 06 Nov 2012
Abstract. Measurements of mixing ratio profiles of stratospheric bromine monoxide (BrO) were made using observations of BrO rotational line emission at 650.179 GHz by a balloon-borne SIS (superconductor-insulator-superconductor) submillimeterwave heterodyne limb sounder (SLS). The balloon was launched from Ft. Sumner, New Mexico (34° N) on 22 September 2011. Peak mid-day BrO abundance varied from 16 ± 2 ppt at 34 km to 6 ± 4 ppt at 16 km. Corresponding estimates of total inorganic bromine (Bry), derived from BrO vmr (volume mixing ratio) using a photochemical box model, were 21 ± 3 ppt and 11 ± 5 ppt, respectively. Inferred Bry abundance exceeds that attributable solely to decomposition of long-lived methyl bromide and other halons, and is consistent with a contribution from bromine-containing very short lived substances, BryVSLS, of 4 ppt to 8 ppt. These results for BrO and Bry were compared with, and found to be in good agreement with, those of other recent balloon-borne and satellite instruments.
Revised: 23 Feb 2013 – Accepted: 25 Feb 2013 – Published: 22 Mar 2013
Stachnik, R. A., Millán, L., Jarnot, R., Monroe, R., McLinden, C., Kühl, S., Puķīte, J., Shiotani, M., Suzuki, M., Kasai, Y., Goutail, F., Pommereau, J. P., Dorf, M., and Pfeilsticker, K.: Stratospheric BrO abundance measured by a balloon-borne submillimeterwave radiometer, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 3307-3319, doi:10.5194/acp-13-3307-2013, 2013.