1Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 64, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
2Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, P.O. BOX 55, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
3Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1322, USA
Received: 10 Jan 2013 – Discussion started: 22 Apr 2013
Abstract. The optimized structures and proton affinities of a total of 81 nitrogen-containing bases, chosen based on field measurements of ambient positive ions, were studied using the CBS-QB3 quantum chemical method. The results were compared to values given in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Chemistry WebBook in cases where a value was listed. The computed values show good agreement with the values listed in NIST. Grouping the molecules based on their molecular formula, the largest calculated proton affinities for each group were also compared with experimentally observed ambient cation concentrations in a boreal forest. This comparison allows us to draw qualitative conclusions about the relative ambient concentrations of different nitrogen-containing organic base molecules.
Revised: 16 Aug 2013 – Accepted: 06 Sep 2013 – Published: 28 Oct 2013
Ruusuvuori, K., Kurtén, T., Ortega, I. K., Faust, J., and Vehkamäki, H.: Proton affinities of candidates for positively charged ambient ions in boreal forests, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10397-10404, doi:10.5194/acp-13-10397-2013, 2013.