1Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
2Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
3Leipzig Institute for Meteorology, University of Leipzig, Germany
4Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Barbados, West Indies
5University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Met. and Phys. Oceanography, Miami, Florida, USA
6Meteo-France, Toulouse, France
7Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Center for Atmospheric Sciences, La Jolla, California, USA
8Atmospheric Sciences Program, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA
Received: 28 Sep 2012 – Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 31 Oct 2012
Abstract. The CARRIBA (Cloud, Aerosol, Radiation and tuRbulence in the trade wInd regime over BArbados) project, focused on high resolution and collocated measurements of thermodynamic, turbulent, microphysical, and radiative properties of trade wind cumuli over Barbados, is introduced. The project is based on two one-month field campaigns in November 2010 (climatic wet season) and April 2011 (climatic dry season). Observations are based on helicopter-borne and ground-based measurements in an area of 100 km2 off the coast of Barbados. CARRIBA is accompanied by long-term observations at the Barbados Cloud Observatory located at the East coast of Barbados since early in 2010 and which provides a longer-term context for the CARRIBA measurements. The deployed instrumentation and sampling strategy are presented together with a classification of the meteorological conditions. The two campaigns were influenced by different air masses advected from the Caribbean area, the Atlantic Ocean, and the African continent which led to distinct aerosol conditions. Pristine conditions with low aerosol particle number concentrations of ~100 cm3 were alternating with periods influenced by Saharan dust or aerosol from biomass burning resulting in comparably high number concentrations of ~ 500 cm3. The biomass burning aerosol was originating from both the Caribbean area and Africa. The shallow cumulus clouds responded to the different aerosol conditions with a wide range of mean droplet sizes and number concentrations. Two days with different aerosol and cloud microphysical properties but almost identical meteorological conditions have been analyzed in detail. The differences in the droplet number concentration and droplet sizes appear not to show any significant change for turbulent cloud mixing, but the relative roles of droplet inertia and sedimentation in initiating coalescence, as well as the cloud reflectivity, do change substantially.
Revised: 01 Aug 2013 – Accepted: 22 Aug 2013 – Published: 11 Oct 2013
Citation: Siebert, H., Beals, M., Bethke, J., Bierwirth, E., Conrath, T., Dieckmann, K., Ditas, F., Ehrlich, A., Farrell, D., Hartmann, S., Izaguirre, M. A., Katzwinkel, J., Nuijens, L., Roberts, G., Schäfer, M., Shaw, R. A., Schmeissner, T., Serikov, I., Stevens, B., Stratmann, F., Wehner, B., Wendisch, M., Werner, F., and Wex, H.: The fine-scale structure of the trade wind cumuli over Barbados – an introduction to the CARRIBA project, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10061-10077, doi:10.5194/acp-13-10061-2013, 2013.