1Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Biogeochemistry Department, Mainz, Germany
2Leibniz-Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
*now at: Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Sciences Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
**now at: Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Institute of Lung Biology and Disease, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Germany
***now at: National Environmental Research Institute, Aarhus University, Roskilde, Denmark
****now at: Department for Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
*****now at: Dillon Consulting Ltd., Toronto, Canada
******now at: Department of Physics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Received: 04 Nov 2010 – Discussion started: 07 Dec 2010
Abstract. We investigate the CCN activity of freshly emitted biomass burning particles and their hygroscopic growth at a relative humidity (RH) of 85%. The particles were produced in the Mainz combustion laboratory by controlled burning of various wood types. The water uptake at sub- and supersaturations is parameterized by the hygroscopicity parameter, κ (c.f. Petters and Kreidenweis, 2007). For the wood burns, κ is low, generally around 0.06. The main emphasis of this study is a comparison of κ derived from measurements at sub- and supersaturated conditions (κG and κCCN), in order to see whether the water uptake at 85% RH can predict the CCN properties of the biomass burning particles. Differences in κGand κCCN can arise through solution non-idealities, the presence of slightly soluble or surface active compounds, or non-spherical particle shape. We find that κG and κCCN agree within experimental uncertainties (of around 30%) for particle sizes of 100 and 150 nm; only for 50 nm particles is κCCN larger than κG by a factor of 2. The magnitude of this difference and its dependence on particle size is consistent with the presence of surface active organic compounds. These compounds mainly facilitate the CCN activation of small particles, which form the most concentrated solution droplets at the point of activation. The 50 nm particles, however, are only activated at supersaturations higher than 1% and are therefore of minor importance as CCN in ambient clouds. By comparison with the actual chemical composition of the biomass burning particles, we estimate that the hygroscopicity of the water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) fraction can be represented by a κWSOC value of approximately 0.2. The effective hygroscopicity of a typical wood burning particle can therefore be represented by a linear mixture of an inorganic component with κ ≅ 0.6, a WSOC component with κ ≅ 0.2, and an insoluble component with κ = 0.
Revised: 21 Jul 2011 – Accepted: 29 Jul 2011 – Published: 16 Sep 2011
Dusek, U., Frank, G. P., Massling, A., Zeromskiene, K., Iinuma, Y., Schmid, O., Helas, G., Hennig, T., Wiedensohler, A., and Andreae, M. O.: Water uptake by biomass burning aerosol at sub- and supersaturated conditions: closure studies and implications for the role of organics, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9519-9532, doi:10.5194/acp-11-9519-2011, 2011.