1GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
2Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland
3Center for Space Research, University of Texas (UT-CSR), Austin, TX, USA
4Broad Reach Engineering, Tempe, AZ, USA
Received: 09 Aug 2010 – Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 24 Nov 2010
Abstract. GPS radio occultation events observed between 24 July and 17 November 2008 by the IGOR occultation receiver aboard the TerraSAR-X satellite are processed and analyzed. The comparison of 15 327 refractivity profiles with collocated ECMWF data yield a mean bias between zero and −0.30 % at altitudes between 5 and 30 km. Standard deviations decrease from about 1.4 % at 5 km to about 0.6 % at 10 km altitude, however, increase significantly in the upper stratosphere. At low latitudes mean biases and standard deviations are larger, in particular in the lower troposphere. The results are consistent with 15 159 refractivity observations collected during the same time period by the BlackJack receiver aboard GRACE-A and processed by GFZ's operational processing system. The main difference between the two occultation instruments is the implementation of open-loop signal tracking in the IGOR (TerraSAR-X) receiver which improves the tropospheric penetration depth in terms of ray height by about 2 km compared to the conventional closed-loop data acquired by BlackJack (GRACE-A).
Revised: 29 Apr 2011 – Accepted: 14 Jun 2011 – Published: 13 Jul 2011
Citation: Beyerle, G., Grunwaldt, L., Heise, S., Köhler, W., König, R., Michalak, G., Rothacher, M., Schmidt, T., Wickert, J., Tapley, B. D., and Giesinger, B.: First results from the GPS atmosphere sounding experiment TOR aboard the TerraSAR-X satellite, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 6687-6699, doi:10.5194/acp-11-6687-2011, 2011.