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Biogenic NO emissions from soils (SNO<sub>x</sub>) play important direct and indirect roles in tropospheric chemistry. The most widely applied algorithm to calculate SNO<sub>x</sub> in global models was published 15 years ago by Yienger and Levy (1995), and was based on very few measurements. Since then, numerous new measurements have been published, which we used to build up a compilation of world wide field measurements covering the period from 1978 to 2010. Recently, several satellite-based top-down approaches, which recalculated the different sources of NO<sub>x</sub> (fossil fuel, biomass burning, soil and lightning), have shown an underestimation of SNO<sub>x</sub> by the algorithm of Yienger and Levy (1995). Nevertheless, to our knowledge no general improvements of this algorithm, besides suggested scalings of the total source magnitude, have yet been published. Here we present major improvements to the algorithm, which should help to optimize the representation of SNO<sub>x</sub> in atmospheric-chemistry global climate models, without modifying the underlying principals or mathematical equations. The changes include: (1) using a new landcover map, with twice the number of landcover classes, and using annually varying fertilizer application rates; (2) adopting a fraction of 1.0 % for the applied fertilizer lost as NO, based on our compilation of measurements; (3) using the volumetric soil moisture to distinguish between the wet and dry states; and (4) adjusting the emission factors to reproduce the measured emissions in our compilation (based on either their geometric or arithmetic mean values). These steps lead to increased global annual SNO<sub>x</sub>, and our total above canopy SNO<sub>x</sub> source of 8.6 Tg yr<sup>âˆ’1</sup> (using the geometric mean) ends up being close to one of the satellite-based top-down approaches (8.9 Tg yr<sup>âˆ’1</sup>). The above canopy SNO<sub>x</sub> source using the arithmetic mean is 27.6 Tg yr<sup>âˆ’1</sup>, which is higher than all previous estimates, but compares better with a regional top-down study in eastern China. This suggests that both top-down and bottom-up approaches will be needed in future attempts to provide a better calculation of SNO<sub>x</sub>.

_{2}{O from agricultural land, FAO and IFA, Rome, {I}taly, 2001.]]>

_{2}satellite columns, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L10801, doi:10.1029/2008GL033521, 2008.]]>

_{2}measured from space, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D04302, doi:10.1029/2007JD009021, 2008.]]>

_{2}column measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L06805, doi:10.1029/2008GL037123, 2009.]]>