1Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
2Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
3Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
4Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
5Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
*also at: New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico, USA
**now at: Jet Propulsion Lab., California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
Received: 05 Dec 2007 – Discussion started: 13 Mar 2008
Abstract. The 2006 Canadian Arctic ACE (Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment) Validation Campaign collected measurements at the Polar Environment Atmospheric Research Laboratory (PEARL, 86.42° W, 80.05° N, 610 m a.s.l.) at Eureka, Canada from 17 February to 31 March 2006. Two of the ten instruments involved in the campaign, both Fourier transform spectrometers (FTSs), were operated simultaneously, recording atmospheric solar absorption spectra. The first instrument was an ABB Bomem DA8 high-resolution infrared FTS. The second instrument was the Portable Atmospheric Research Interferometric Spectrometer for the Infrared (PARIS-IR), the ground-based version of the satellite-borne FTS on the ACE satellite (ACE-FTS). From the measurements collected by these two ground-based instruments, total column densities of seven stratospheric trace gases (O3, HCl, ClONO2, HF, HNO3, NO2, and NO) were retrieved using the optimal estimation method and these results were compared. Since the two instruments sampled the same portions of atmosphere by synchronizing observations during the campaign and used consistent retrieval parameters, the biases in retrieved columns from the two spectrometers represent the instrumental differences. Mean differences in total column densities of O3, HCl, ClONO2, HF, HNO3, and NO2 from the observations between PARIS-IR and the DA8 FTS are 2.8 %, −3.2 %, −4.3 %, −1.5 %, −1.9 %, and −0.1 %, respectively. Partial column results from the ground-based spectrometers were also compared with partial columns derived from ACE-FTS version 2.2 (including updates for O3) profiles. Mean differences in partial column densities of O3, HCl, ClONO2, HF, HNO3, NO2, and NO from the measurements between ACE-FTS and the DA8 FTS are −5.9 %, −8.5 %, −11.8 %, −0.9 %, −6.6 %, −21.6 % and −7.6 % respectively. Mean differences in partial column densities of O3, HCl, ClONO2, HF, HNO3, NO2 from the measurements between ACE-FTS and the PARIS-IR are −5.2 %, −4.6 %, −2.3 %, −4.7 %, 5.7 % and −11.9 %, respectively. This work provides further evidence of the reliability of ACE-FTS measurements from the first three years of on-orbit observations. Column densities of O3, HCl, ClONO2, and HNO3 from the three FTSs were normalized with respect to HF and used to compare the time evolution of the chemical constituents in the atmosphere over Eureka during spring 2006.
Revised: 05 May 2011 – Accepted: 21 May 2011 – Published: 09 Jun 2011
Fu, D., Walker, K. A., Mittermeier, R. L., Strong, K., Sung, K., Fast, H., Bernath, P. F., Boone, C. D., Daffer, W. H., Fogal, P., Kolonjari, F., Loewen, P., Manney, G. L., Mikhailov, O., and Drummond, J. R.: Simultaneous trace gas measurements using two Fourier transform spectrometers at Eureka, Canada during spring 2006, and comparisons with the ACE-FTS, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5383-5405, doi:10.5194/acp-11-5383-2011, 2011.