Bromoform in the tropical boundary layer of the Maritime Continent during OP3
1Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1EW, UK
2National Centre for Atmospheric Science, NCAS, UK
3Met Office, Exeter, UK
4Institute of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
5Malaysian Meteorological Department, Ketua Stesen GAW Lembah Danum, Jabatan Meteorologi Malaysia Cawangan Sabah, Lapangan Terbang Wakuba Tawau, Peti Surat 60109, 91011 Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia
6Global Satria Life Sciences Lab, TB 12188, Taman Megajaya Phase 3, 91000 Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia
Abstract. We report measurements of bromoform made by gas chromatography during the OP3 campaign in 2008. Measurements were made simultaneously for a few days at the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) site in the Danum Valley, a rainforest location in Sabah, Borneo, and at a nearby coastal site at Kunak. Background values at Kunak were higher than those measured in the rainforest (2–5 ppt compared with 1 ppt) and excursions away from the background were very much higher, reaching 10 s of ppt. Measurements of C2Cl4, an industrial tracer, showed no significant difference in background at the two sites. Modelling using two different models can reproduce a number of the observed features. The data are consistent with a strong, local coastal source of bromoform in eastern Sabah and can be used to infer the strength of the source of bromoform in South East Asia. However, they provide only a very weak constraint on global emissions. The global model results highlight the difficulty for short-lived species of extrapolating limited duration, local measurements to a global source.