Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 13061-13143, 2011
www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/13061/2011/
doi:10.5194/acp-11-13061-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
General overview: European Integrated project on Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality interactions (EUCAARI) – integrating aerosol research from nano to global scales
M. Kulmala1, A. Asmi1, H. K. Lappalainen1,2, U. Baltensperger3, J.-L. Brenguier4, M. C. Facchini5, H.-C. Hansson6, Ø. Hov7, C. D. O'Dowd8, U. Pöschl9, A. Wiedensohler10, R. Boers11, O. Boucher12,*, G. de Leeuw1,2,13, H. A. C. Denier van der Gon13, J. Feichter14, R. Krejci6, P. Laj15, H. Lihavainen2, U. Lohmann16, G. McFiggans17, T. Mentel18, C. Pilinis19, I. Riipinen1,36, M. Schulz7,20, A. Stohl21, E. Swietlicki22, E. Vignati23, C. Alves25, M. Amann24, M. Ammann59, S. Arabas26, P. Artaxo27, H. Baars10, D. C. S. Beddows28, R. Bergström29, J. P. Beukes30, M. Bilde31, J. F. Burkhart21, F. Canonaco3, S. L. Clegg32, H. Coe17, S. Crumeyrolle33, B. D'Anna34, S. Decesari5, S. Gilardoni23, M. Fischer35, A. M. Fjaeraa21, C. Fountoukis36, C. George34, L. Gomes4, P. Halloran12, T. Hamburger37, R. M. Harrison28, H. Herrmann10, T. Hoffmann38, C. Hoose39, M. Hu40, A. Hyvärinen2, U. Hõrrak41, Y. Iinuma10, T. Iversen7, M. Josipovic30, M. Kanakidou42, A. Kiendler-Scharr18, A. Kirkevåg7, G. Kiss43, Z. Klimont24, P. Kolmonen2, M. Komppula44, J.-E. Kristjánsson45, L. Laakso1,2,30, A. Laaksonen2,46, L. Labonnote47, V. A. Lanz3, K. E. J. Lehtinen44,46, L. V. Rizzo27, R. Makkonen1, H. E. Manninen1, G. McMeeking17, J. Merikanto1, A. Minikin37, S. Mirme35, W. T. Morgan17, E. Nemitz48, D. O'Donnell14, T. S. Panwar49, H. Pawlowska26, A. Petzold37, J. J. Pienaar30, C. Pio25, C. Plass-Duelmer50, A. S. H. Prévôt3, S. Pryor51, C. L. Reddington52, G. Roberts11, D. Rosenfeld53, J. Schwarz54, Ø. Seland7, K. Sellegri55, X. J. Shen56, M. Shiraiwa9, H. Siebert10, B. Sierau16, D. Simpson7,60, J. Y. Sun56, D. Topping17, P. Tunved6, P. Vaattovaara46, V. Vakkari1, J. P. Veefkind11, A. Visschedijk13, H. Vuollekoski1, R. Vuolo20, B. Wehner10, J. Wildt18, S. Woodward12, D. R. Worsnop1,2,57, G.-J. van Zadelhoff11, A. A. Zardini31,58, K. Zhang14, P. G. van Zyl30, V.-M. Kerminen2, K. S Carslaw52, and S. N. Pandis36
1Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
2Finnish Meteorological Institute, Research and Development, 00101 Helsinki, Finland
3Paul Scherrer Institut, Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
4French Meteorological Service, 31057 Toulouse, France
5Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC), National Research Council (CNR), Bologna, Italy
6Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
7Norwegian Meteorological Institute, 0313 Oslo, Norway
8School of Physics & Centre for Climate and Air Pollution Studies, Environmental Change Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
9Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
10Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
11Earth Observation and Climate Department/Climate and Seismology Sector, KNMI, The Netherlands
12Met Office Hadley Centre, Fitzroy Road, Exeter, Devon, EX1 3PB, UK
13TNO Built Environment and Geosciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands
14Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
15Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement (LGGE), CNRS/University of Grenoble, Grenoble, France
16Institute of Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
17School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
18Institut fuer Energie- und Klimaforschung – Troposphaere, Forschungszentrum GmbH Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany
19Department of Environment, University of the Aegean, Mytilene, Greece
20Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
21NILU, Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Kjeller, Norway
22Division of Nuclear Physics, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, 22100 Lund, Sweden
23European Commission, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Climate Change and Air Quality Unit, Ispra, Italy
24IIASA, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
25CESAM & Department of Environment, University of Aveiro, Portugal
26Institute of Geophysics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
27Institute of Physics University of São Paulo Rua do Matão, Travessa R, 187 CEP05508-090, Sao Paulo, Brazil
28University of Birmingham, Division of Environmental Health and Risk Management, Birmingham, UK
29Department of Chemistry, University of Gothenburg, 412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
30School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
31Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
32School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
33Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France
34CNRS, UMR5256, IRCELYON, Institut de recherches sur la catalyse et l'environnement de Lyon, Villeurbanne, Université de Lyon, Lyon, 69626, France
35Airel Ltd, Tähe 4, 51010 Tartu, Estonia
36Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes (ICE-HT), Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas (FORTH), Patras, 26504, Greece
37Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institute of Physics of Atmosphere, Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Wessling, Germany
38Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany
39Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
40State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control (Peking University), College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
41Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, 18 Ülikooli St., Tartu, 50090, Estonia
42Environmental Chemical Processes Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, 71003, P.O. Box 2208, Heraklion, Greece
43Air Chemistry Group of Hungarian Academy of Sciences, University of Pannonia, P.O. Box 158, 8201 Veszprém, Hungary
44Finnish Meteorological Institute, Kuopio Unit, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
45Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
46University of Eastern Finland, Dept. Applied Physics, POB 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
47Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphérique – Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille/CNRS, Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France
48Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Bush Estate, Penicuik, Midlothian, EH26 0QB, UK
49TERI Darbari Seth Block IHC complex Lodhi Road, New Delhi, 110003, India
50Hohenpeissenberg Meteorological Observatory, Deutscher Wetterdienst, Germany
51Risø National Laboratory Fredriksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
52University of Leeds, School of Earth and Environment, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
53Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
54Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals AS CR, Rozvojova 135, Prague, Czech Republic
55Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique, UMR6016, CNRS/University of Clermont-Ferrand, Clermont-Ferrand, France
56Key Laboratory for Atmospheric Chemistry, CMA Centre for Atmosphere Watch and Services, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
57Aerodyne Research, Inc. 45 Manning Rd, Billerica, MA 0182, USA
58Institute for Energy, Sustainable Transport Unit, JRC-European Commission, 21027 Ispra (Va), Italy
59Paul Scherrer Institut, Laboratory of Radiochemistry and Environmental Chemistry, Switzerland
60Dept. Earth & Space Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
*now at: Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, IPSL/CNRS, Tour 45-55, Université P. et M. Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France

Abstract. In this paper we describe and summarize the main achievements of the European Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality Interactions project (EUCAARI). EUCAARI started on 1 January 2007 and ended on 31 December 2010 leaving a rich legacy including: (a) a comprehensive database with a year of observations of the physical, chemical and optical properties of aerosol particles over Europe, (b) comprehensive aerosol measurements in four developing countries, (c) a database of airborne measurements of aerosols and clouds over Europe during May 2008, (d) comprehensive modeling tools to study aerosol processes fron nano to global scale and their effects on climate and air quality. In addition a new Pan-European aerosol emissions inventory was developed and evaluated, a new cluster spectrometer was built and tested in the field and several new aerosol parameterizations and computations modules for chemical transport and global climate models were developed and evaluated. These achievements and related studies have substantially improved our understanding and reduced the uncertainties of aerosol radiative forcing and air quality-climate interactions. The EUCAARI results can be utilized in European and global environmental policy to assess the aerosol impacts and the corresponding abatement strategies.

Citation: Kulmala, M., Asmi, A., Lappalainen, H. K., Baltensperger, U., Brenguier, J.-L., Facchini, M. C., Hansson, H.-C., Hov, Ø., O'Dowd, C. D., Pöschl, U., Wiedensohler, A., Boers, R., Boucher, O., de Leeuw, G., Denier van der Gon, H. A. C., Feichter, J., Krejci, R., Laj, P., Lihavainen, H., Lohmann, U., McFiggans, G., Mentel, T., Pilinis, C., Riipinen, I., Schulz, M., Stohl, A., Swietlicki, E., Vignati, E., Alves, C., Amann, M., Ammann, M., Arabas, S., Artaxo, P., Baars, H., Beddows, D. C. S., Bergström, R., Beukes, J. P., Bilde, M., Burkhart, J. F., Canonaco, F., Clegg, S. L., Coe, H., Crumeyrolle, S., D'Anna, B., Decesari, S., Gilardoni, S., Fischer, M., Fjaeraa, A. M., Fountoukis, C., George, C., Gomes, L., Halloran, P., Hamburger, T., Harrison, R. M., Herrmann, H., Hoffmann, T., Hoose, C., Hu, M., Hyvärinen, A., Hõrrak, U., Iinuma, Y., Iversen, T., Josipovic, M., Kanakidou, M., Kiendler-Scharr, A., Kirkevåg, A., Kiss, G., Klimont, Z., Kolmonen, P., Komppula, M., Kristjánsson, J.-E., Laakso, L., Laaksonen, A., Labonnote, L., Lanz, V. A., Lehtinen, K. E. J., Rizzo, L. V., Makkonen, R., Manninen, H. E., McMeeking, G., Merikanto, J., Minikin, A., Mirme, S., Morgan, W. T., Nemitz, E., O'Donnell, D., Panwar, T. S., Pawlowska, H., Petzold, A., Pienaar, J. J., Pio, C., Plass-Duelmer, C., Prévôt, A. S. H., Pryor, S., Reddington, C. L., Roberts, G., Rosenfeld, D., Schwarz, J., Seland, Ø., Sellegri, K., Shen, X. J., Shiraiwa, M., Siebert, H., Sierau, B., Simpson, D., Sun, J. Y., Topping, D., Tunved, P., Vaattovaara, P., Vakkari, V., Veefkind, J. P., Visschedijk, A., Vuollekoski, H., Vuolo, R., Wehner, B., Wildt, J., Woodward, S., Worsnop, D. R., van Zadelhoff, G.-J., Zardini, A. A., Zhang, K., van Zyl, P. G., Kerminen, V.-M., S Carslaw, K., and Pandis, S. N.: General overview: European Integrated project on Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality interactions (EUCAARI) – integrating aerosol research from nano to global scales, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 13061-13143, doi:10.5194/acp-11-13061-2011, 2011.
 
Search ACP
Final Revised Paper
PDF XML
Citation
Discussion Paper
Share