1Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA
2Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
3Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
*now at: Department of Chemistry, Reed College, Portland, OR, USA
**now at: Institute for Atmosphere and Climate, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
***now at: Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Received: 29 Mar 2011 – Discussion started: 06 Apr 2011
Abstract. We present first-generation and total production yields of glyoxal, methylglyoxal, glycolaldehyde, and hydroxyacetone from the oxidation of isoprene, methyl vinyl ketone (MVK), and methacrolein (MACR) with OH under high NOx conditions. Several of these first-generation yields are not included in commonly used chemical mechanisms, such as the Leeds Master Chemical Mechanism (MCM) v. 3.2. The first-generation yield of glyoxal from isoprene was determined to be 2.1 (±0.6)%. Inclusion of first-generation production of glyoxal, glycolaldehyde and hydroxyacetone from isoprene greatly improves performance of an MCM based model during the initial part of the experiments. In order to further improve performance of the MCM based model, higher generation glyoxal production was reduced by lowering the first-generation yield of glyoxal from C5 hydroxycarbonyls. The results suggest that glyoxal production from reaction of OH with isoprene under high NOx conditions can be approximated by inclusion of a first-generation production term together with secondary production only via glycolaldehyde. Analogously, methylglyoxal production can be approximated by a first-generation production term from isoprene, and secondary production via MVK, MACR and hydroxyacetone. The first-generation yields reported here correspond to less than 5% of the total oxidized yield from isoprene and thus only have a small effect on the fate of isoprene. However, due to the abundance of isoprene, the combination of first-generation yields and reduced higher generation production of glyoxal from C5 hydroxycarbonyls is important for models that include the production of the small organic molecules from isoprene.
Revised: 20 Oct 2011 – Accepted: 22 Oct 2011 – Published: 02 Nov 2011
Galloway, M. M., Huisman, A. J., Yee, L. D., Chan, A. W. H., Loza, C. L., Seinfeld, J. H., and Keutsch, F. N.: Yields of oxidized volatile organic compounds during the OH radical initiated oxidation of isoprene, methyl vinyl ketone, and methacrolein under high-NOx conditions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10779-10790, doi:10.5194/acp-11-10779-2011, 2011.