Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7017-7039, 2010
www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/7017/2010/
doi:10.5194/acp-10-7017-2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Historical (1850–2000) gridded anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of reactive gases and aerosols: methodology and application
J.-F. Lamarque1, T. C. Bond2, V. Eyring3, C. Granier4,5,6, A. Heil7, Z. Klimont8, D. Lee9, C. Liousse10, A. Mieville6, B. Owen9, M. G. Schultz7, D. Shindell11, S. J. Smith12, E. Stehfest13, J. Van Aardenne14, O. R. Cooper4, M. Kainuma15, N. Mahowald16, J. R. McConnell17, V. Naik18, K. Riahi8, and D. P. van Vuuren13
1National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, USA
2University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA
3Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhoffen, Germany
4NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Boulder, CO, USA
5Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
6UPMC Univ. Paris 06; CNRS/INSU, UMR 8190 LATMOS-IPSL, Paris, France, France
7Forschungszentrum, Jülich, Germany
8International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
9Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
10Laboratoire d'Aérologie, Toulouse, France
11Goddard Institute for Space Studies, National Aeronautics and Space Agency, New York, NY, USA
12Joint Global Change Research Institute, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, College Park, MD, USA
13Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
14European Commission, DG, Joint Research Center, Ispra, Italy
15National Institute of Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
16Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
17Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada, USA
18High Performance Technologies Inc./NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ, USA

Abstract. We present and discuss a new dataset of gridded emissions covering the historical period (1850–2000) in decadal increments at a horizontal resolution of 0.5° in latitude and longitude. The primary purpose of this inventory is to provide consistent gridded emissions of reactive gases and aerosols for use in chemistry model simulations needed by climate models for the Climate Model Intercomparison Program #5 (CMIP5) in support of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment report (AR5). Our best estimate for the year 2000 inventory represents a combination of existing regional and global inventories to capture the best information available at this point; 40 regions and 12 sectors are used to combine the various sources. The historical reconstruction of each emitted compound, for each region and sector, is then forced to agree with our 2000 estimate, ensuring continuity between past and 2000 emissions. Simulations from two chemistry-climate models are used to test the ability of the emission dataset described here to capture long-term changes in atmospheric ozone, carbon monoxide and aerosol distributions. The simulated long-term change in the Northern mid-latitudes surface and mid-troposphere ozone is not quite as rapid as observed. However, stations outside this latitude band show much better agreement in both present-day and long-term trend. The model simulations indicate that the concentration of carbon monoxide is underestimated at the Mace Head station; however, the long-term trend over the limited observational period seems to be reasonably well captured. The simulated sulfate and black carbon deposition over Greenland is in very good agreement with the ice-core observations spanning the simulation period. Finally, aerosol optical depth and additional aerosol diagnostics are shown to be in good agreement with previously published estimates and observations.

Citation: Lamarque, J.-F., Bond, T. C., Eyring, V., Granier, C., Heil, A., Klimont, Z., Lee, D., Liousse, C., Mieville, A., Owen, B., Schultz, M. G., Shindell, D., Smith, S. J., Stehfest, E., Van Aardenne, J., Cooper, O. R., Kainuma, M., Mahowald, N., McConnell, J. R., Naik, V., Riahi, K., and van Vuuren, D. P.: Historical (1850–2000) gridded anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of reactive gases and aerosols: methodology and application, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7017-7039, doi:10.5194/acp-10-7017-2010, 2010.
 
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