Volcanic ash as fertiliser for the surface ocean 1Institute of Geophysics, University of Hamburg, KlimaCampus, Hamburg, Germany
2Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, IFM-GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany
Received: 11 Dec 2009 – Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 14 Jan 2010 Abstract. Iron is a key limiting micro-nutrient for marine primary productivity. It
can be supplied to the ocean by atmospheric dust deposition. Volcanic ash
deposition into the ocean represents another external and so far largely
neglected source of iron. This study demonstrates strong evidence for
natural fertilisation in the iron-limited oceanic area of the NE Pacific,
induced by volcanic ash from the eruption of Kasatochi volcano in August
2008. Atmospheric and oceanic conditions were favourable to generate a
massive phytoplankton bloom in the NE Pacific Ocean which for the first time
strongly suggests a connection between oceanic iron-fertilisation and
volcanic ash supply.
Revised: 08 Apr 2010 – Accepted: 25 Apr 2010 – Published: 27 Apr 2010
Citation: Langmann, B., Zakšek, K., Hort, M., and Duggen, S.: Volcanic ash as fertiliser for the surface ocean, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 3891-3899, doi:10.5194/acp-10-3891-2010, 2010.