Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 10211-10221, 2010
www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/10211/2010/
doi:10.5194/acp-10-10211-2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Saharan dust and ice nuclei over Central Europe
H. Klein1, S. Nickovic2, W. Haunold1, U. Bundke1, B. Nillius1, M. Ebert3, S. Weinbruch3, L. Schuetz4, Z. Levin5, L. A. Barrie2, and H. Bingemer1
1Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
3Institute for Applied Geosciences, Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany
4Institute for Atmospheric Physics, Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany
5Deptartment of Geophysics, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Abstract. Surface measurements of aerosol and ice nuclei (IN) at a Central European mountain site during an episode of dust transport from the Sahara are presented. Ice nuclei were sampled by electrostatic precipitation on silicon wafers and were analyzed in an isothermal static vapor diffusion chamber. The transport of mineral dust is simulated by the Eulerian regional dust model DREAM. Ice nuclei and mineral dust are significantly correlated, in particular IN number concentration and aerosol surface area. The ice nucleating characteristics of the aerosol as analyzed with respect to temperature and supersaturation are similar during the dust episode than during the course of the year. This suggests that dust may be a main constituent of ice nucleating aerosols in Central Europe.

Citation: Klein, H., Nickovic, S., Haunold, W., Bundke, U., Nillius, B., Ebert, M., Weinbruch, S., Schuetz, L., Levin, Z., Barrie, L. A., and Bingemer, H.: Saharan dust and ice nuclei over Central Europe, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 10211-10221, doi:10.5194/acp-10-10211-2010, 2010.
 
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